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// dear imgui, v1.89.2 WIP
// (main code and documentation)
// Help:
// - Read FAQ at
// - Newcomers, read 'Programmer guide' below for notes on how to setup Dear ImGui in your codebase.
// - Call and read ImGui::ShowDemoWindow() in imgui_demo.cpp. All applications in examples/ are doing that.
// Read imgui.cpp for details, links and comments.
// Resources:
// - FAQ
// - Homepage & latest
// - Releases & changelog
// - Gallery (please post your screenshots/video there!)
// - Wiki (lots of good stuff there)
// - Glossary
// - Issues & support
// Getting Started?
// - For first-time users having issues compiling/linking/running or issues loading fonts:
// please post in if you cannot find a solution in resources above.
// Developed by Omar Cornut and every direct or indirect contributors to the GitHub.
// See LICENSE.txt for copyright and licensing details (standard MIT License).
// This library is free but needs your support to sustain development and maintenance.
// Businesses: you can support continued development via invoiced technical support, maintenance and sponsoring contracts. Please reach out to "contact AT".
// Individuals: you can support continued development via donations. See docs/README or web page.
// It is recommended that you don't modify imgui.cpp! It will become difficult for you to update the library.
// Note that 'ImGui::' being a namespace, you can add functions into the namespace from your own source files, without
// modifying imgui.h or imgui.cpp. You may include imgui_internal.h to access internal data structures, but it doesn't
// come with any guarantee of forward compatibility. Discussing your changes on the GitHub Issue Tracker may lead you
// to a better solution or official support for them.
Index of this file:
- API BREAKING CHANGES (read me when you update!)
- Read all answers online:, or in docs/ (with a Markdown viewer)
(search for "[SECTION]" in the code to find them)
// [SECTION] MISC HELPERS/UTILITIES (Geometry functions)
// [SECTION] MISC HELPERS/UTILITIES (String, Format, Hash functions)
// [SECTION] ImGuiStorage
// [SECTION] ImGuiTextFilter
// [SECTION] ImGuiTextBuffer, ImGuiTextIndex
// [SECTION] ImGuiListClipper
// [SECTION] MAIN CODE (most of the code! lots of stuff, needs tidying up!)
- Easy to use to create code-driven and data-driven tools.
- Easy to use to create ad hoc short-lived tools and long-lived, more elaborate tools.
- Easy to hack and improve.
- Minimize setup and maintenance.
- Minimize state storage on user side.
- Minimize state synchronization.
- Portable, minimize dependencies, run on target (consoles, phones, etc.).
- Efficient runtime and memory consumption.
Designed for developers and content-creators, not the typical end-user! Some of the current weaknesses includes:
- Doesn't look fancy, doesn't animate.
- Limited layout features, intricate layouts are typically crafted in code.
- Double-click on title bar to collapse window.
- Click upper right corner to close a window, available when 'bool* p_open' is passed to ImGui::Begin().
- Click and drag on lower right corner to resize window (double-click to auto fit window to its contents).
- Click and drag on any empty space to move window.
- TAB/SHIFT+TAB to cycle through keyboard editable fields.
- CTRL+Click on a slider or drag box to input value as text.
- Use mouse wheel to scroll.
- Text editor:
- Hold SHIFT or use mouse to select text.
- CTRL+Left/Right to word jump.
- CTRL+Shift+Left/Right to select words.
- CTRL+A or Double-Click to select all.
- CTRL+X,CTRL+C,CTRL+V to use OS clipboard/
- CTRL+Z,CTRL+Y to undo/redo.
- ESCAPE to revert text to its original value.
- Controls are automatically adjusted for OSX to match standard OSX text editing operations.
- General Keyboard controls: enable with ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableKeyboard.
- General Gamepad controls: enable with ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableGamepad. Download controller mapping PNG/PSD at
- Remember to check the wonderful Wiki (
- Your code creates the UI, if your code doesn't run the UI is gone! The UI can be highly dynamic, there are no construction or
destruction steps, less superfluous data retention on your side, less state duplication, less state synchronization, fewer bugs.
- Call and read ImGui::ShowDemoWindow() for demo code demonstrating most features.
- The library is designed to be built from sources. Avoid pre-compiled binaries and packaged versions. See imconfig.h to configure your build.
- Dear ImGui is an implementation of the IMGUI paradigm (immediate-mode graphical user interface, a term coined by Casey Muratori).
You can learn about IMGUI principles at, & more links in Wiki.
- Dear ImGui is a "single pass" rasterizing implementation of the IMGUI paradigm, aimed at ease of use and high-performances.
For every application frame, your UI code will be called only once. This is in contrast to e.g. Unity's implementation of an IMGUI,
where the UI code is called multiple times ("multiple passes") from a single entry point. There are pros and cons to both approaches.
- Our origin is on the top-left. In axis aligned bounding boxes, Min = top-left, Max = bottom-right.
- This codebase is also optimized to yield decent performances with typical "Debug" builds settings.
- Please make sure you have asserts enabled (IM_ASSERT redirects to assert() by default, but can be redirected).
If you get an assert, read the messages and comments around the assert.
- C++: this is a very C-ish codebase: we don't rely on C++11, we don't include any C++ headers, and ImGui:: is a namespace.
- C++: ImVec2/ImVec4 do not expose math operators by default, because it is expected that you use your own math types.
See FAQ "How can I use my own math types instead of ImVec2/ImVec4?" for details about setting up imconfig.h for that.
However, imgui_internal.h can optionally export math operators for ImVec2/ImVec4, which we use in this codebase.
- C++: pay attention that ImVector<> manipulates plain-old-data and does not honor construction/destruction (avoid using it in your code!).
- Overwrite all the sources files except for imconfig.h (if you have modified your copy of imconfig.h)
- Or maintain your own branch where you have imconfig.h modified as a top-most commit which you can regularly rebase over "master".
- You can also use '#define IMGUI_USER_CONFIG "my_config_file.h" to redirect configuration to your own file.
- Read the "API BREAKING CHANGES" section (below). This is where we list occasional API breaking changes.
If a function/type has been renamed / or marked obsolete, try to fix the name in your code before it is permanently removed
from the public API. If you have a problem with a missing function/symbols, search for its name in the code, there will
likely be a comment about it. Please report any issue to the GitHub page!
- To find out usage of old API, you can add '#define IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_FUNCTIONS' in your configuration file.
- Try to keep your copy of Dear ImGui reasonably up to date.
- Run and study the examples and demo in imgui_demo.cpp to get acquainted with the library.
- In the majority of cases you should be able to use unmodified backends files available in the backends/ folder.
- Add the Dear ImGui source files + selected backend source files to your projects or using your preferred build system.
It is recommended you build and statically link the .cpp files as part of your project and NOT as a shared library (DLL).
- You can later customize the imconfig.h file to tweak some compile-time behavior, such as integrating Dear ImGui types with your own maths types.
- When using Dear ImGui, your programming IDE is your friend: follow the declaration of variables, functions and types to find comments about them.
- Dear ImGui never touches or knows about your GPU state. The only function that knows about GPU is the draw function that you provide.
Effectively it means you can create widgets at any time in your code, regardless of considerations of being in "update" vs "render"
phases of your own application. All rendering information is stored into command-lists that you will retrieve after calling ImGui::Render().
- Refer to the backends and demo applications in the examples/ folder for instruction on how to setup your code.
- If you are running over a standard OS with a common graphics API, you should be able to use unmodified imgui_impl_*** files from the examples/ folder.
EXHIBIT 1: USING THE EXAMPLE BACKENDS (= imgui_impl_XXX.cpp files from the backends/ folder).
The sub-folders in examples/ contain examples applications following this structure.
// Application init: create a dear imgui context, setup some options, load fonts
ImGuiIO& io = ImGui::GetIO();
// TODO: Set optional io.ConfigFlags values, e.g. 'io.ConfigFlags |= ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableKeyboard' to enable keyboard controls.
// TODO: Fill optional fields of the io structure later.
// TODO: Load TTF/OTF fonts if you don't want to use the default font.
// Initialize helper Platform and Renderer backends (here we are using imgui_impl_win32.cpp and imgui_impl_dx11.cpp)
ImGui_ImplDX11_Init(g_pd3dDevice, g_pd3dDeviceContext);
// Application main loop
while (true)
// Feed inputs to dear imgui, start new frame
// Any application code here
ImGui::Text("Hello, world!");
// Render dear imgui into screen
g_pSwapChain->Present(1, 0);
// Shutdown
// Application init: create a dear imgui context, setup some options, load fonts
ImGuiIO& io = ImGui::GetIO();
// TODO: Set optional io.ConfigFlags values, e.g. 'io.ConfigFlags |= ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableKeyboard' to enable keyboard controls.
// TODO: Fill optional fields of the io structure later.
// TODO: Load TTF/OTF fonts if you don't want to use the default font.
// Build and load the texture atlas into a texture
// (In the examples/ app this is usually done within the ImGui_ImplXXX_Init() function from one of the demo Renderer)
int width, height;
unsigned char* pixels = NULL;
io.Fonts->GetTexDataAsRGBA32(&pixels, &width, &height);
// At this point you've got the texture data and you need to upload that to your graphic system:
// After we have created the texture, store its pointer/identifier (_in whichever format your engine uses_) in 'io.Fonts->TexID'.
// This will be passed back to your via the renderer. Basically ImTextureID == void*. Read FAQ for details about ImTextureID.
MyTexture* texture = MyEngine::CreateTextureFromMemoryPixels(pixels, width, height, TEXTURE_TYPE_RGBA32)
// Application main loop
while (true)
// Setup low-level inputs, e.g. on Win32: calling GetKeyboardState(), or write to those fields from your Windows message handlers, etc.
// (In the examples/ app this is usually done within the ImGui_ImplXXX_NewFrame() function from one of the demo Platform Backends)
io.DeltaTime = 1.0f/60.0f; // set the time elapsed since the previous frame (in seconds)
io.DisplaySize.x = 1920.0f; // set the current display width
io.DisplaySize.y = 1280.0f; // set the current display height here
io.AddMousePosEvent(mouse_x, mouse_y); // update mouse position
io.AddMouseButtonEvent(0, mouse_b[0]); // update mouse button states
io.AddMouseButtonEvent(1, mouse_b[1]); // update mouse button states
// Call NewFrame(), after this point you can use ImGui::* functions anytime
// (So you want to try calling NewFrame() as early as you can in your main loop to be able to use Dear ImGui everywhere)
// Most of your application code here
ImGui::Text("Hello, world!");
MyGameUpdate(); // may use any Dear ImGui functions, e.g. ImGui::Begin("My window"); ImGui::Text("Hello, world!"); ImGui::End();
MyGameRender(); // may use any Dear ImGui functions as well!
// Render dear imgui, swap buffers
// (You want to try calling EndFrame/Render as late as you can, to be able to use Dear ImGui in your own game rendering code)
ImDrawData* draw_data = ImGui::GetDrawData();
// Shutdown
To decide whether to dispatch mouse/keyboard inputs to Dear ImGui to the rest of your application,
you should read the 'io.WantCaptureMouse', 'io.WantCaptureKeyboard' and 'io.WantTextInput' flags!
Please read the FAQ and example applications for details about this!
The backends in impl_impl_XXX.cpp files contain many working implementations of a rendering function.
void MyImGuiRenderFunction(ImDrawData* draw_data)
// TODO: Setup render state: alpha-blending enabled, no face culling, no depth testing, scissor enabled
// TODO: Setup texture sampling state: sample with bilinear filtering (NOT point/nearest filtering). Use 'io.Fonts->Flags |= ImFontAtlasFlags_NoBakedLines;' to allow point/nearest filtering.
// TODO: Setup viewport covering draw_data->DisplayPos to draw_data->DisplayPos + draw_data->DisplaySize
// TODO: Setup orthographic projection matrix cover draw_data->DisplayPos to draw_data->DisplayPos + draw_data->DisplaySize
// TODO: Setup shader: vertex { float2 pos, float2 uv, u32 color }, fragment shader sample color from 1 texture, multiply by vertex color.
ImVec2 clip_off = draw_data->DisplayPos;
for (int n = 0; n < draw_data->CmdListsCount; n++)
const ImDrawList* cmd_list = draw_data->CmdLists[n];
const ImDrawVert* vtx_buffer = cmd_list->VtxBuffer.Data; // vertex buffer generated by Dear ImGui
const ImDrawIdx* idx_buffer = cmd_list->IdxBuffer.Data; // index buffer generated by Dear ImGui
for (int cmd_i = 0; cmd_i < cmd_list->CmdBuffer.Size; cmd_i++)
const ImDrawCmd* pcmd = &cmd_list->CmdBuffer[cmd_i];
if (pcmd->UserCallback)
pcmd->UserCallback(cmd_list, pcmd);
// Project scissor/clipping rectangles into framebuffer space
ImVec2 clip_min(pcmd->ClipRect.x - clip_off.x, pcmd->ClipRect.y - clip_off.y);
ImVec2 clip_max(pcmd->ClipRect.z - clip_off.x, pcmd->ClipRect.w - clip_off.y);
if (clip_max.x <= clip_min.x || clip_max.y <= clip_min.y)
// We are using scissoring to clip some objects. All low-level graphics API should support it.
// - If your engine doesn't support scissoring yet, you may ignore this at first. You will get some small glitches
// (some elements visible outside their bounds) but you can fix that once everything else works!
// - Clipping coordinates are provided in imgui coordinates space:
// - For a given viewport, draw_data->DisplayPos == viewport->Pos and draw_data->DisplaySize == viewport->Size
// - In a single viewport application, draw_data->DisplayPos == (0,0) and draw_data->DisplaySize == io.DisplaySize, but always use GetMainViewport()->Pos/Size instead of hardcoding those values.
// - In the interest of supporting multi-viewport applications (see 'docking' branch on github),
// always subtract draw_data->DisplayPos from clipping bounds to convert them to your viewport space.
// - Note that pcmd->ClipRect contains Min+Max bounds. Some graphics API may use Min+Max, other may use Min+Size (size being Max-Min)
MyEngineSetScissor(clip_min.x, clip_min.y, clip_max.x, clip_max.y);
// The texture for the draw call is specified by pcmd->GetTexID().
// The vast majority of draw calls will use the Dear ImGui texture atlas, which value you have set yourself during initialization.
// Render 'pcmd->ElemCount/3' indexed triangles.
// By default the indices ImDrawIdx are 16-bit, you can change them to 32-bit in imconfig.h if your engine doesn't support 16-bit indices.
MyEngineDrawIndexedTriangles(pcmd->ElemCount, sizeof(ImDrawIdx) == 2 ? GL_UNSIGNED_SHORT : GL_UNSIGNED_INT, idx_buffer + pcmd->IdxOffset, vtx_buffer, pcmd->VtxOffset);
- The gamepad/keyboard navigation is fairly functional and keeps being improved.
- Gamepad support is particularly useful to use Dear ImGui on a console system (e.g. PlayStation, Switch, Xbox) without a mouse!
- The initial focus was to support game controllers, but keyboard is becoming increasingly and decently usable.
- Keyboard:
- Application: Set io.ConfigFlags |= ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableKeyboard to enable.
- When keyboard navigation is active (io.NavActive + ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableKeyboard),
the io.WantCaptureKeyboard flag will be set. For more advanced uses, you may want to read from:
- io.NavActive: true when a window is focused and it doesn't have the ImGuiWindowFlags_NoNavInputs flag set.
- io.NavVisible: true when the navigation cursor is visible (and usually goes false when mouse is used).
- or query focus information with e.g. IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_AnyWindow), IsItemFocused() etc. functions.
Please reach out if you think the game vs navigation input sharing could be improved.
- Gamepad:
- Application: Set io.ConfigFlags |= ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableGamepad to enable.
- Backend: Set io.BackendFlags |= ImGuiBackendFlags_HasGamepad + call io.AddKeyEvent/AddKeyAnalogEvent() with ImGuiKey_Gamepad_XXX keys.
For analog values (0.0f to 1.0f), backend is responsible to handling a dead-zone and rescaling inputs accordingly.
Backend code will probably need to transform your raw inputs (such as e.g. remapping your 0.2..0.9 raw input range to 0.0..1.0 imgui range, etc.).
- BEFORE 1.87, BACKENDS USED TO WRITE TO io.NavInputs[]. This is now obsolete. Please call io functions instead!
- You can download PNG/PSD files depicting the gamepad controls for common controllers at:
- If you need to share inputs between your game and the Dear ImGui interface, the easiest approach is to go all-or-nothing,
with a buttons combo to toggle the target. Please reach out if you think the game vs navigation input sharing could be improved.
- Mouse:
- PS4/PS5 users: Consider emulating a mouse cursor with DualShock4 touch pad or a spare analog stick as a mouse-emulation fallback.
- Consoles/Tablet/Phone users: Consider using a Synergy 1.x server (on your PC) + uSynergy.c (on your console/tablet/phone app) to share your PC mouse/keyboard.
- On a TV/console system where readability may be lower or mouse inputs may be awkward, you may want to set the ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableSetMousePos flag.
Enabling ImGuiConfigFlags_NavEnableSetMousePos + ImGuiBackendFlags_HasSetMousePos instructs dear imgui to move your mouse cursor along with navigation movements.
When enabled, the NewFrame() function may alter 'io.MousePos' and set 'io.WantSetMousePos' to notify you that it wants the mouse cursor to be moved.
When that happens your backend NEEDS to move the OS or underlying mouse cursor on the next frame. Some of the backends in examples/ do that.
(If you set the NavEnableSetMousePos flag but don't honor 'io.WantSetMousePos' properly, imgui will misbehave as it will see your mouse moving back and forth!)
(In a setup when you may not have easy control over the mouse cursor, e.g. uSynergy.c doesn't expose moving remote mouse cursor, you may want
to set a boolean to ignore your other external mouse positions until the external source is moved again.)
Occasionally introducing changes that are breaking the API. We try to make the breakage minor and easy to fix.
Below is a change-log of API breaking changes only. If you are using one of the functions listed, expect to have to fix some code.
When you are not sure about an old symbol or function name, try using the Search/Find function of your IDE to look for comments or references in all imgui files.
You can read releases logs for more details.
- 2022/10/26 (1.89) - commented out redirecting OpenPopupContextItem() which was briefly the name of OpenPopupOnItemClick() from 1.77 to 1.79.
- 2022/10/12 (1.89) - removed runtime patching of invalid "%f"/"%0.f" format strings for DragInt()/SliderInt(). This was obsoleted in 1.61 (May 2018). See 1.61 changelog for details.
- 2022/09/26 (1.89) - renamed and merged keyboard modifiers key enums and flags into a same set. Kept inline redirection enums (will obsolete).
- ImGuiKey_ModCtrl and ImGuiModFlags_Ctrl -> ImGuiMod_Ctrl
- ImGuiKey_ModShift and ImGuiModFlags_Shift -> ImGuiMod_Shift
- ImGuiKey_ModAlt and ImGuiModFlags_Alt -> ImGuiMod_Alt
- ImGuiKey_ModSuper and ImGuiModFlags_Super -> ImGuiMod_Super
the ImGuiKey_ModXXX were introduced in 1.87 and mostly used by backends.
the ImGuiModFlags_XXX have been exposed in imgui.h but not really used by any public api only by third-party extensions.
exceptionally commenting out the older ImGuiKeyModFlags_XXX names ahead of obsolescence schedule to reduce confusion and because they were not meant to be used anyway.
- 2022/09/20 (1.89) - ImGuiKey is now a typed enum, allowing ImGuiKey_XXX symbols to be named in debuggers.
this will require uses of legacy backend-dependent indices to be casted, e.g.
- with imgui_impl_glfw: IsKeyPressed(GLFW_KEY_A) -> IsKeyPressed((ImGuiKey)GLFW_KEY_A);
- with imgui_impl_win32: IsKeyPressed('A') -> IsKeyPressed((ImGuiKey)'A')
- etc. However if you are upgrading code you might well use the better, backend-agnostic IsKeyPressed(ImGuiKey_A) now!
- 2022/09/12 (1.89) - removed the bizarre legacy default argument for 'TreePush(const void* ptr = NULL)', always pass a pointer value explicitly. NULL/nullptr is ok but require cast, e.g. TreePush((void*)nullptr);
- 2022/09/05 (1.89) - commented out redirecting functions/enums names that were marked obsolete in 1.77 and 1.78 (June 2020):
- DragScalar(), DragScalarN(), DragFloat(), DragFloat2(), DragFloat3(), DragFloat4(): For old signatures ending with (..., const char* format, float power = 1.0f) -> use (..., format ImGuiSliderFlags_Logarithmic) if power != 1.0f.
- SliderScalar(), SliderScalarN(), SliderFloat(), SliderFloat2(), SliderFloat3(), SliderFloat4(): For old signatures ending with (..., const char* format, float power = 1.0f) -> use (..., format ImGuiSliderFlags_Logarithmic) if power != 1.0f.
- BeginPopupContextWindow(const char*, ImGuiMouseButton, bool) -> use BeginPopupContextWindow(const char*, ImGuiPopupFlags)
- 2022/09/02 (1.89) - obsoleted using SetCursorPos()/SetCursorScreenPos() to extend parent window/cell boundaries.
this relates to when moving the cursor position beyond current boundaries WITHOUT submitting an item.
- previously this would make the window content size ~200x200:
Begin(...) + SetCursorScreenPos(GetCursorScreenPos() + ImVec2(200,200)) + End();
- instead, please submit an item:
Begin(...) + SetCursorScreenPos(GetCursorScreenPos() + ImVec2(200,200)) + Dummy(ImVec2(0,0)) + End();
- alternative:
Begin(...) + Dummy(ImVec2(200,200)) + End();
- content size is now only extended when submitting an item!
- with '#define IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_FUNCTIONS' this will now be detected and assert.
- without '#define IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_FUNCTIONS' this will silently be fixed until we obsolete it.
- 2022/08/03 (1.89) - changed signature of ImageButton() function. Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- added 'const char* str_id' parameter + removed 'int frame_padding = -1' parameter.
- old signature: bool ImageButton(ImTextureID tex_id, ImVec2 size, ImVec2 uv0 = ImVec2(0,0), ImVec2 uv1 = ImVec2(1,1), int frame_padding = -1, ImVec4 bg_col = ImVec4(0,0,0,0), ImVec4 tint_col = ImVec4(1,1,1,1));
- used the ImTextureID value to create an ID. This was inconsistent with other functions, led to ID conflicts, and caused problems with engines using transient ImTextureID values.
- had a FramePadding override which was inconsistent with other functions and made the already-long signature even longer.
- new signature: bool ImageButton(const char* str_id, ImTextureID tex_id, ImVec2 size, ImVec2 uv0 = ImVec2(0,0), ImVec2 uv1 = ImVec2(1,1), ImVec4 bg_col = ImVec4(0,0,0,0), ImVec4 tint_col = ImVec4(1,1,1,1));
- requires an explicit identifier. You may still use e.g. PushID() calls and then pass an empty identifier.
- always uses style.FramePadding for padding, to be consistent with other buttons. You may use PushStyleVar() to alter this.
- 2022/07/08 (1.89) - inputs: removed io.NavInputs[] and ImGuiNavInput enum (following 1.87 changes).
- Official backends from 1.87+ -> no issue.
- Official backends from 1.60 to 1.86 -> will build and convert gamepad inputs, unless IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_KEYIO is defined. Need updating!
- Custom backends not writing to io.NavInputs[] -> no issue.
- Custom backends writing to io.NavInputs[] -> will build and convert gamepad inputs, unless IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_KEYIO is defined. Need fixing!
- TL;DR: Backends should call io.AddKeyEvent()/io.AddKeyAnalogEvent() with ImGuiKey_GamepadXXX values instead of filling io.NavInput[].
- 2022/06/15 (1.88) - renamed IMGUI_DISABLE_METRICS_WINDOW to IMGUI_DISABLE_DEBUG_TOOLS for correctness. kept support for old define (will obsolete).
- 2022/05/03 (1.88) - backends: osx: removed ImGui_ImplOSX_HandleEvent() from backend API in favor of backend automatically handling event capture. All ImGui_ImplOSX_HandleEvent() calls should be removed as they are now unnecessary.
- 2022/04/05 (1.88) - inputs: renamed ImGuiKeyModFlags to ImGuiModFlags. Kept inline redirection enums (will obsolete). This was never used in public API functions but technically present in imgui.h and ImGuiIO.
- 2022/01/20 (1.87) - inputs: reworded gamepad IO.
- Backend writing to io.NavInputs[] -> backend should call io.AddKeyEvent()/io.AddKeyAnalogEvent() with ImGuiKey_GamepadXXX values.
- 2022/01/19 (1.87) - sliders, drags: removed support for legacy arithmetic operators (+,+-,*,/) when inputing text. This doesn't break any api/code but a feature that used to be accessible by end-users (which seemingly no one used).
- 2022/01/17 (1.87) - inputs: reworked mouse IO.
- Backend writing to io.MousePos -> backend should call io.AddMousePosEvent()
- Backend writing to io.MouseDown[] -> backend should call io.AddMouseButtonEvent()
- Backend writing to io.MouseWheel -> backend should call io.AddMouseWheelEvent()
- Backend writing to io.MouseHoveredViewport -> backend should call io.AddMouseViewportEvent() [Docking branch w/ multi-viewports only]
note: for all calls to IO new functions, the Dear ImGui context should be bound/current.
read for details.
- 2022/01/10 (1.87) - inputs: reworked keyboard IO. Removed io.KeyMap[], io.KeysDown[] in favor of calling io.AddKeyEvent(). Removed GetKeyIndex(), now unecessary. All IsKeyXXX() functions now take ImGuiKey values. All features are still functional until IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_KEYIO is defined. Read Changelog and Release Notes for details.
- IsKeyPressed(MY_NATIVE_KEY_XXX) -> use IsKeyPressed(ImGuiKey_XXX)
- IsKeyPressed(GetKeyIndex(ImGuiKey_XXX)) -> use IsKeyPressed(ImGuiKey_XXX)
- Backend writing to io.KeyMap[],io.KeysDown[] -> backend should call io.AddKeyEvent() (+ call io.SetKeyEventNativeData() if you want legacy user code to stil function with legacy key codes).
- Backend writing to io.KeyCtrl, io.KeyShift.. -> backend should call io.AddKeyEvent() with ImGuiMod_XXX values. *IF YOU PULLED CODE BETWEEN 2021/01/10 and 2021/01/27: We used to have a io.AddKeyModsEvent() function which was now replaced by io.AddKeyEvent() with ImGuiMod_XXX values.*
- one case won't work with backward compatibility: if your custom backend used ImGuiKey as mock native indices (e.g. "io.KeyMap[ImGuiKey_A] = ImGuiKey_A") because those values are now larger than the legacy KeyDown[] array. Will assert.
- inputs: added ImGuiKey_ModCtrl/ImGuiKey_ModShift/ImGuiKey_ModAlt/ImGuiKey_ModSuper values to submit keyboard modifiers using io.AddKeyEvent(), instead of writing directly to io.KeyCtrl, io.KeyShift, io.KeyAlt, io.KeySuper.
- 2022/01/05 (1.87) - inputs: renamed ImGuiKey_KeyPadEnter to ImGuiKey_KeypadEnter to align with new symbols. Kept redirection enum.
- 2022/01/05 (1.87) - removed io.ImeSetInputScreenPosFn() in favor of more flexible io.SetPlatformImeDataFn(). Removed 'void* io.ImeWindowHandle' in favor of writing to 'void* ImGuiViewport::PlatformHandleRaw'.
- 2022/01/01 (1.87) - commented out redirecting functions/enums names that were marked obsolete in 1.69, 1.70, 1.71, 1.72 (March-July 2019)
- ImGui::SetNextTreeNodeOpen() -> use ImGui::SetNextItemOpen()
- ImGui::GetContentRegionAvailWidth() -> use ImGui::GetContentRegionAvail().x
- ImGui::TreeAdvanceToLabelPos() -> use ImGui::SetCursorPosX(ImGui::GetCursorPosX() + ImGui::GetTreeNodeToLabelSpacing());
- ImFontAtlas::CustomRect -> use ImFontAtlasCustomRect
- ImGuiColorEditFlags_RGB/HSV/HEX -> use ImGuiColorEditFlags_DisplayRGB/HSV/Hex
- 2021/12/20 (1.86) - backends: removed obsolete Marmalade backend (imgui_impl_marmalade.cpp) + example. Find last supported version at
- 2021/11/04 (1.86) - removed CalcListClipping() function. Prefer using ImGuiListClipper which can return non-contiguous ranges. Please open an issue if you think you really need this function.
- 2021/08/23 (1.85) - removed GetWindowContentRegionWidth() function. keep inline redirection helper. can use 'GetWindowContentRegionMax().x - GetWindowContentRegionMin().x' instead for generally 'GetContentRegionAvail().x' is more useful.
- 2021/07/26 (1.84) - commented out redirecting functions/enums names that were marked obsolete in 1.67 and 1.69 (March 2019):
- ImGui::GetOverlayDrawList() -> use ImGui::GetForegroundDrawList()
- ImFont::GlyphRangesBuilder -> use ImFontGlyphRangesBuilder
- 2021/05/19 (1.83) - backends: obsoleted direct access to ImDrawCmd::TextureId in favor of calling ImDrawCmd::GetTexID().
- if you are using official backends from the source tree: you have nothing to do.
- if you have copied old backend code or using your own: change access to draw_cmd->TextureId to draw_cmd->GetTexID().
- 2021/03/12 (1.82) - upgraded ImDrawList::AddRect(), AddRectFilled(), PathRect() to use ImDrawFlags instead of ImDrawCornersFlags.
- ImDrawCornerFlags_TopLeft -> use ImDrawFlags_RoundCornersTopLeft
- ImDrawCornerFlags_BotRight -> use ImDrawFlags_RoundCornersBottomRight
- ImDrawCornerFlags_None -> use ImDrawFlags_RoundCornersNone etc.
flags now sanely defaults to 0 instead of 0x0F, consistent with all other flags in the API.
breaking: the default with rounding > 0.0f is now "round all corners" vs old implicit "round no corners":
- rounding == 0.0f + flags == 0 --> meant no rounding --> unchanged (common use)
- rounding > 0.0f + flags != 0 --> meant rounding --> unchanged (common use)
- rounding == 0.0f + flags != 0 --> meant no rounding --> unchanged (unlikely use)
- rounding > 0.0f + flags == 0 --> meant no rounding --> BREAKING (unlikely use): will now round all corners --> use ImDrawFlags_RoundCornersNone or rounding == 0.0f.
this ONLY matters for hard coded use of 0 + rounding > 0.0f. Use of named ImDrawFlags_RoundCornersNone (new) or ImDrawCornerFlags_None (old) are ok.
the old ImDrawCornersFlags used awkward default values of ~0 or 0xF (4 lower bits set) to signify "round all corners" and we sometimes encouraged using them as shortcuts.
legacy path still support use of hard coded ~0 or any value from 0x1 or 0xF. They will behave the same with legacy paths enabled (will assert otherwise).
- 2021/03/11 (1.82) - removed redirecting functions/enums names that were marked obsolete in 1.66 (September 2018):
- ImGui::SetScrollHere() -> use ImGui::SetScrollHereY()
- 2021/03/11 (1.82) - clarified that ImDrawList::PathArcTo(), ImDrawList::PathArcToFast() won't render with radius < 0.0f. Previously it sorts of accidentally worked but would generally lead to counter-clockwise paths and have an effect on anti-aliasing.
- 2021/03/10 (1.82) - upgraded ImDrawList::AddPolyline() and PathStroke() "bool closed" parameter to "ImDrawFlags flags". The matching ImDrawFlags_Closed value is guaranteed to always stay == 1 in the future.
- 2021/02/22 (1.82) - (*undone in 1.84*) win32+mingw: Re-enabled IME functions by default even under MinGW. In July 2016, issue #738 had me incorrectly disable those default functions for MinGW. MinGW users should: either link with -limm32, either set their imconfig file with '#define IMGUI_DISABLE_WIN32_DEFAULT_IME_FUNCTIONS'.
- 2021/02/17 (1.82) - renamed rarely used style.CircleSegmentMaxError (old default = 1.60f) to style.CircleTessellationMaxError (new default = 0.30f) as the meaning of the value changed.
- 2021/02/03 (1.81) - renamed ListBoxHeader(const char* label, ImVec2 size) to BeginListBox(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- removed ListBoxHeader(const char* label, int items_count, int height_in_items = -1) in favor of specifying size. Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- renamed ListBoxFooter() to EndListBox(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2021/01/26 (1.81) - removed ImGuiFreeType::BuildFontAtlas(). Kept inline redirection function. Prefer using '#define IMGUI_ENABLE_FREETYPE', but there's a runtime selection path available too. The shared extra flags parameters (very rarely used) are now stored in ImFontAtlas::FontBuilderFlags.
- renamed ImFontConfig::RasterizerFlags (used by FreeType) to ImFontConfig::FontBuilderFlags.
- renamed ImGuiFreeType::XXX flags to ImGuiFreeTypeBuilderFlags_XXX for consistency with other API.
- 2020/10/12 (1.80) - removed redirecting functions/enums that were marked obsolete in 1.63 (August 2018):
- ImGui::IsItemDeactivatedAfterChange() -> use ImGui::IsItemDeactivatedAfterEdit().
- ImGuiCol_ModalWindowDarkening -> use ImGuiCol_ModalWindowDimBg
- ImGuiInputTextCallback -> use ImGuiTextEditCallback
- ImGuiInputTextCallbackData -> use ImGuiTextEditCallbackData
- 2020/12/21 (1.80) - renamed ImDrawList::AddBezierCurve() to AddBezierCubic(), and PathBezierCurveTo() to PathBezierCubicCurveTo(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2020/12/04 (1.80) - added imgui_tables.cpp file! Manually constructed project files will need the new file added!
- 2020/11/18 (1.80) - renamed undocumented/internals ImGuiColumnsFlags_* to ImGuiOldColumnFlags_* in prevision of incoming Tables API.
- 2020/11/03 (1.80) - renamed io.ConfigWindowsMemoryCompactTimer to io.ConfigMemoryCompactTimer as the feature will apply to other data structures
- 2020/10/14 (1.80) - backends: moved all backends files (imgui_impl_XXXX.cpp, imgui_impl_XXXX.h) from examples/ to backends/.
- 2020/10/12 (1.80) - removed redirecting functions/enums that were marked obsolete in 1.60 (April 2018):
- io.RenderDrawListsFn pointer -> use ImGui::GetDrawData() value and call the render function of your backend
- ImGui::IsAnyWindowFocused() -> use ImGui::IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_AnyWindow)
- ImGui::IsAnyWindowHovered() -> use ImGui::IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_AnyWindow)
- ImGuiStyleVar_Count_ -> use ImGuiStyleVar_COUNT
- ImGuiMouseCursor_Count_ -> use ImGuiMouseCursor_COUNT
- removed redirecting functions names that were marked obsolete in 1.61 (May 2018):
- InputFloat (... int decimal_precision ...) -> use InputFloat (... const char* format ...) with format = "%.Xf" where X is your value for decimal_precision.
- same for InputFloat2()/InputFloat3()/InputFloat4() variants taking a `int decimal_precision` parameter.
- 2020/10/05 (1.79) - removed ImGuiListClipper: Renamed constructor parameters which created an ambiguous alternative to using the ImGuiListClipper::Begin() function, with misleading edge cases (note: imgui_memory_editor <0.40 from imgui_club/ used this old clipper API. Update your copy if needed).
- 2020/09/25 (1.79) - renamed ImGuiSliderFlags_ClampOnInput to ImGuiSliderFlags_AlwaysClamp. Kept redirection enum (will obsolete sooner because previous name was added recently).
- 2020/09/25 (1.79) - renamed style.TabMinWidthForUnselectedCloseButton to style.TabMinWidthForCloseButton.
- 2020/09/21 (1.79) - renamed OpenPopupContextItem() back to OpenPopupOnItemClick(), reverting the change from 1.77. For varieties of reason this is more self-explanatory.
- 2020/09/21 (1.79) - removed return value from OpenPopupOnItemClick() - returned true on mouse release on an item - because it is inconsistent with other popup APIs and makes others misleading. It's also and unnecessary: you can use IsWindowAppearing() after BeginPopup() for a similar result.
- 2020/09/17 (1.79) - removed ImFont::DisplayOffset in favor of ImFontConfig::GlyphOffset. DisplayOffset was applied after scaling and not very meaningful/useful outside of being needed by the default ProggyClean font. If you scaled this value after calling AddFontDefault(), this is now done automatically. It was also getting in the way of better font scaling, so let's get rid of it now!
- 2020/08/17 (1.78) - obsoleted use of the trailing 'float power=1.0f' parameter for DragFloat(), DragFloat2(), DragFloat3(), DragFloat4(), DragFloatRange2(), DragScalar(), DragScalarN(), SliderFloat(), SliderFloat2(), SliderFloat3(), SliderFloat4(), SliderScalar(), SliderScalarN(), VSliderFloat() and VSliderScalar().
replaced the 'float power=1.0f' argument with integer-based flags defaulting to 0 (as with all our flags).
worked out a backward-compatibility scheme so hopefully most C++ codebase should not be affected. in short, when calling those functions:
- if you omitted the 'power' parameter (likely!), you are not affected.
- if you set the 'power' parameter to 1.0f (same as previous default value): 1/ your compiler may warn on float>int conversion, 2/ everything else will work. 3/ you can replace the 1.0f value with 0 to fix the warning, and be technically correct.
- if you set the 'power' parameter to >1.0f (to enable non-linear editing): 1/ your compiler may warn on float>int conversion, 2/ code will assert at runtime, 3/ in case asserts are disabled, the code will not crash and enable the _Logarithmic flag. 4/ you can replace the >1.0f value with ImGuiSliderFlags_Logarithmic to fix the warning/assert and get a _similar_ effect as previous uses of power >1.0f.
see for all details.
kept inline redirection functions (will obsolete) apart for: DragFloatRange2(), VSliderFloat(), VSliderScalar(). For those three the 'float power=1.0f' version was removed directly as they were most unlikely ever used.
for shared code, you can version check at compile-time with `#if IMGUI_VERSION_NUM >= 17704`.
- obsoleted use of v_min > v_max in DragInt, DragFloat, DragScalar to lock edits (introduced in 1.73, was not demoed nor documented very), will be replaced by a more generic ReadOnly feature. You may use the ImGuiSliderFlags_ReadOnly internal flag in the meantime.
- 2020/06/23 (1.77) - removed BeginPopupContextWindow(const char*, int mouse_button, bool also_over_items) in favor of BeginPopupContextWindow(const char*, ImGuiPopupFlags flags) with ImGuiPopupFlags_NoOverItems.
- 2020/06/15 (1.77) - renamed OpenPopupOnItemClick() to OpenPopupContextItem(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete). [NOTE: THIS WAS REVERTED IN 1.79]
- 2020/06/15 (1.77) - removed CalcItemRectClosestPoint() entry point which was made obsolete and asserting in December 2017.
- 2020/04/23 (1.77) - removed unnecessary ID (first arg) of ImFontAtlas::AddCustomRectRegular().
- 2020/01/22 (1.75) - ImDrawList::AddCircle()/AddCircleFilled() functions don't accept negative radius any more.
- 2019/12/17 (1.75) - [undid this change in 1.76] made Columns() limited to 64 columns by asserting above that limit. While the current code technically supports it, future code may not so we're putting the restriction ahead.
- 2019/12/13 (1.75) - [imgui_internal.h] changed ImRect() default constructor initializes all fields to 0.0f instead of (FLT_MAX,FLT_MAX,-FLT_MAX,-FLT_MAX). If you used ImRect::Add() to create bounding boxes by adding multiple points into it, you may need to fix your initial value.
- 2019/12/08 (1.75) - removed redirecting functions/enums that were marked obsolete in 1.53 (December 2017):
- ShowTestWindow() -> use ShowDemoWindow()
- IsRootWindowFocused() -> use IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_RootWindow)
- IsRootWindowOrAnyChildFocused() -> use IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_RootAndChildWindows)
- SetNextWindowContentWidth(w) -> use SetNextWindowContentSize(ImVec2(w, 0.0f)
- GetItemsLineHeightWithSpacing() -> use GetFrameHeightWithSpacing()
- ImGuiCol_ChildWindowBg -> use ImGuiCol_ChildBg
- ImGuiStyleVar_ChildWindowRounding -> use ImGuiStyleVar_ChildRounding
- ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_AllowOverlapMode -> use ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_AllowItemOverlap
- 2019/12/08 (1.75) - obsoleted calling ImDrawList::PrimReserve() with a negative count (which was vaguely documented and rarely if ever used). Instead, we added an explicit PrimUnreserve() API.
- 2019/12/06 (1.75) - removed implicit default parameter to IsMouseDragging(int button = 0) to be consistent with other mouse functions (none of the other functions have it).
- 2019/11/21 (1.74) - ImFontAtlas::AddCustomRectRegular() now requires an ID larger than 0x110000 (instead of 0x10000) to conform with supporting Unicode planes 1-16 in a future update. ID below 0x110000 will now assert.
- 2019/11/19 (1.74) - renamed IMGUI_DISABLE_MATH_FUNCTIONS to IMGUI_DISABLE_DEFAULT_MATH_FUNCTIONS for consistency.
- 2019/10/22 (1.74) - removed redirecting functions/enums that were marked obsolete in 1.52 (October 2017):
- Begin() [old 5 args version] -> use Begin() [3 args], use SetNextWindowSize() SetNextWindowBgAlpha() if needed
- IsRootWindowOrAnyChildHovered() -> use IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_RootAndChildWindows)
- AlignFirstTextHeightToWidgets() -> use AlignTextToFramePadding()
- SetNextWindowPosCenter() -> use SetNextWindowPos() with a pivot of (0.5f, 0.5f)
- ImFont::Glyph -> use ImFontGlyph
- 2019/10/14 (1.74) - inputs: Fixed a miscalculation in the keyboard/mouse "typematic" repeat delay/rate calculation, used by keys and e.g. repeating mouse buttons as well as the GetKeyPressedAmount() function.
if you were using a non-default value for io.KeyRepeatRate (previous default was 0.250), you can add +io.KeyRepeatDelay to it to compensate for the fix.
The function was triggering on: 0.0 and (delay+rate*N) where (N>=1). Fixed formula responds to (N>=0). Effectively it made io.KeyRepeatRate behave like it was set to (io.KeyRepeatRate + io.KeyRepeatDelay).
If you never altered io.KeyRepeatRate nor used GetKeyPressedAmount() this won't affect you.
- 2019/07/15 (1.72) - removed TreeAdvanceToLabelPos() which is rarely used and only does SetCursorPosX(GetCursorPosX() + GetTreeNodeToLabelSpacing()). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2019/07/12 (1.72) - renamed ImFontAtlas::CustomRect to ImFontAtlasCustomRect. Kept redirection typedef (will obsolete).
- 2019/06/14 (1.72) - removed redirecting functions/enums names that were marked obsolete in 1.51 (June 2017): ImGuiCol_Column*, ImGuiSetCond_*, IsItemHoveredRect(), IsPosHoveringAnyWindow(), IsMouseHoveringAnyWindow(), IsMouseHoveringWindow(), IMGUI_ONCE_UPON_A_FRAME. Grep this log for details and new names, or see how they were implemented until 1.71.
- 2019/06/07 (1.71) - rendering of child window outer decorations (bg color, border, scrollbars) is now performed as part of the parent window. If you have
overlapping child windows in a same parent, and relied on their relative z-order to be mapped to their submission order, this will affect your rendering.
This optimization is disabled if the parent window has no visual output, because it appears to be the most common situation leading to the creation of overlapping child windows.
Please reach out if you are affected.
- 2019/05/13 (1.71) - renamed SetNextTreeNodeOpen() to SetNextItemOpen(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2019/05/11 (1.71) - changed io.AddInputCharacter(unsigned short c) signature to io.AddInputCharacter(unsigned int c).
- 2019/04/29 (1.70) - improved ImDrawList thick strokes (>1.0f) preserving correct thickness up to 90 degrees angles (e.g. rectangles). If you have custom rendering using thick lines, they will appear thicker now.
- 2019/04/29 (1.70) - removed GetContentRegionAvailWidth(), use GetContentRegionAvail().x instead. Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2019/03/04 (1.69) - renamed GetOverlayDrawList() to GetForegroundDrawList(). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2019/02/26 (1.69) - renamed ImGuiColorEditFlags_RGB/ImGuiColorEditFlags_HSV/ImGuiColorEditFlags_HEX to ImGuiColorEditFlags_DisplayRGB/ImGuiColorEditFlags_DisplayHSV/ImGuiColorEditFlags_DisplayHex. Kept redirection enums (will obsolete).
- 2019/02/14 (1.68) - made it illegal/assert when io.DisplayTime == 0.0f (with an exception for the first frame). If for some reason your time step calculation gives you a zero value, replace it with an arbitrarily small value!
- 2019/02/01 (1.68) - removed io.DisplayVisibleMin/DisplayVisibleMax (which were marked obsolete and removed from viewport/docking branch already).
- 2019/01/06 (1.67) - renamed io.InputCharacters[], marked internal as was always intended. Please don't access directly, and use AddInputCharacter() instead!
- 2019/01/06 (1.67) - renamed ImFontAtlas::GlyphRangesBuilder to ImFontGlyphRangesBuilder. Kept redirection typedef (will obsolete).
- 2018/12/20 (1.67) - made it illegal to call Begin("") with an empty string. This somehow half-worked before but had various undesirable side-effects.
- 2018/12/10 (1.67) - renamed io.ConfigResizeWindowsFromEdges to io.ConfigWindowsResizeFromEdges as we are doing a large pass on configuration flags.
- 2018/10/12 (1.66) - renamed misc/stl/imgui_stl.* to misc/cpp/imgui_stdlib.* in prevision for other C++ helper files.
- 2018/09/28 (1.66) - renamed SetScrollHere() to SetScrollHereY(). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2018/09/06 (1.65) - renamed stb_truetype.h to imstb_truetype.h, stb_textedit.h to imstb_textedit.h, and stb_rect_pack.h to imstb_rectpack.h.
If you were conveniently using the imgui copy of those STB headers in your project you will have to update your include paths.
- 2018/09/05 (1.65) - renamed io.OptCursorBlink/io.ConfigCursorBlink to io.ConfigInputTextCursorBlink. (#1427)
- 2018/08/31 (1.64) - added imgui_widgets.cpp file, extracted and moved widgets code out of imgui.cpp into imgui_widgets.cpp. Re-ordered some of the code remaining in imgui.cpp.
Because of this, any local modifications to imgui.cpp will likely conflict when you update. Read docs/CHANGELOG.txt for suggestions.
- 2018/08/22 (1.63) - renamed IsItemDeactivatedAfterChange() to IsItemDeactivatedAfterEdit() for consistency with new IsItemEdited() API. Kept redirection function (will obsolete soonish as IsItemDeactivatedAfterChange() is very recent).
- 2018/08/21 (1.63) - renamed ImGuiTextEditCallback to ImGuiInputTextCallback, ImGuiTextEditCallbackData to ImGuiInputTextCallbackData for consistency. Kept redirection types (will obsolete).
- 2018/08/21 (1.63) - removed ImGuiInputTextCallbackData::ReadOnly since it is a duplication of (ImGuiInputTextCallbackData::Flags & ImGuiInputTextFlags_ReadOnly).
- 2018/08/01 (1.63) - removed per-window ImGuiWindowFlags_ResizeFromAnySide beta flag in favor of a global io.ConfigResizeWindowsFromEdges [update 1.67 renamed to ConfigWindowsResizeFromEdges] to enable the feature.
- 2018/08/01 (1.63) - renamed io.OptCursorBlink to io.ConfigCursorBlink [-> io.ConfigInputTextCursorBlink in 1.65], io.OptMacOSXBehaviors to ConfigMacOSXBehaviors for consistency.
- 2018/07/22 (1.63) - changed ImGui::GetTime() return value from float to double to avoid accumulating floating point imprecisions over time.
- 2018/07/08 (1.63) - style: renamed ImGuiCol_ModalWindowDarkening to ImGuiCol_ModalWindowDimBg for consistency with other features. Kept redirection enum (will obsolete).
- 2018/06/08 (1.62) - examples: the imgui_impl_XXX files have been split to separate platform (Win32, GLFW, SDL2, etc.) from renderer (DX11, OpenGL, Vulkan, etc.).
old backends will still work as is, however prefer using the separated backends as they will be updated to support multi-viewports.
when adopting new backends follow the main.cpp code of your preferred examples/ folder to know which functions to call.
in particular, note that old backends called ImGui::NewFrame() at the end of their ImGui_ImplXXXX_NewFrame() function.
- 2018/06/06 (1.62) - renamed GetGlyphRangesChinese() to GetGlyphRangesChineseFull() to distinguish other variants and discourage using the full set.
- 2018/06/06 (1.62) - TreeNodeEx()/TreeNodeBehavior(): the ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_CollapsingHeader helper now include the ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_NoTreePushOnOpen flag. See Changelog for details.
- 2018/05/03 (1.61) - DragInt(): the default compile-time format string has been changed from "%.0f" to "%d", as we are not using integers internally any more.
If you used DragInt() with custom format strings, make sure you change them to use %d or an integer-compatible format.
To honor backward-compatibility, the DragInt() code will currently parse and modify format strings to replace %*f with %d, giving time to users to upgrade their code.
If you have IMGUI_DISABLE_OBSOLETE_FUNCTIONS enabled, the code will instead assert! You may run a reg-exp search on your codebase for e.g. "DragInt.*%f" to help you find them.
- 2018/04/28 (1.61) - obsoleted InputFloat() functions taking an optional "int decimal_precision" in favor of an equivalent and more flexible "const char* format",
consistent with other functions. Kept redirection functions (will obsolete).
- 2018/04/09 (1.61) - IM_DELETE() helper function added in 1.60 doesn't clear the input _pointer_ reference, more consistent with expectation and allows passing r-value.
- 2018/03/20 (1.60) - renamed io.WantMoveMouse to io.WantSetMousePos for consistency and ease of understanding (was added in 1.52, _not_ used by core and only honored by some backend ahead of merging the Nav branch).
- 2018/03/12 (1.60) - removed ImGuiCol_CloseButton, ImGuiCol_CloseButtonActive, ImGuiCol_CloseButtonHovered as the closing cross uses regular button colors now.
- 2018/03/08 (1.60) - changed ImFont::DisplayOffset.y to default to 0 instead of +1. Fixed rounding of Ascent/Descent to match TrueType renderer. If you were adding or subtracting to ImFont::DisplayOffset check if your fonts are correctly aligned vertically.
- 2018/03/03 (1.60) - renamed ImGuiStyleVar_Count_ to ImGuiStyleVar_COUNT and ImGuiMouseCursor_Count_ to ImGuiMouseCursor_COUNT for consistency with other public enums.
- 2018/02/18 (1.60) - BeginDragDropSource(): temporarily removed the optional mouse_button=0 parameter because it is not really usable in many situations at the moment.
- 2018/02/16 (1.60) - obsoleted the io.RenderDrawListsFn callback, you can call your graphics engine render function after ImGui::Render(). Use ImGui::GetDrawData() to retrieve the ImDrawData* to display.
- 2018/02/07 (1.60) - reorganized context handling to be more explicit,
- removed Shutdown() function, as DestroyContext() serve this purpose.
- you may pass a ImFontAtlas* pointer to CreateContext() to share a font atlas between contexts. Otherwise CreateContext() will create its own font atlas instance.
- removed allocator parameters from CreateContext(), they are now setup with SetAllocatorFunctions(), and shared by all contexts.
- removed the default global context and font atlas instance, which were confusing for users of DLL reloading and users of multiple contexts.
- 2018/01/31 (1.60) - moved sample TTF files from extra_fonts/ to misc/fonts/. If you loaded files directly from the imgui repo you may need to update your paths.
- 2018/01/11 (1.60) - obsoleted IsAnyWindowHovered() in favor of IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_AnyWindow). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2018/01/11 (1.60) - obsoleted IsAnyWindowFocused() in favor of IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_AnyWindow). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2018/01/03 (1.60) - renamed ImGuiSizeConstraintCallback to ImGuiSizeCallback, ImGuiSizeConstraintCallbackData to ImGuiSizeCallbackData.
- 2017/12/29 (1.60) - removed CalcItemRectClosestPoint() which was weird and not really used by anyone except demo code. If you need it it's easy to replicate on your side.
- 2017/12/24 (1.53) - renamed the emblematic ShowTestWindow() function to ShowDemoWindow(). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/12/21 (1.53) - ImDrawList: renamed style.AntiAliasedShapes to style.AntiAliasedFill for consistency and as a way to explicitly break code that manipulate those flag at runtime. You can now manipulate ImDrawList::Flags
- 2017/12/21 (1.53) - ImDrawList: removed 'bool anti_aliased = true' final parameter of ImDrawList::AddPolyline() and ImDrawList::AddConvexPolyFilled(). Prefer manipulating ImDrawList::Flags if you need to toggle them during the frame.
- 2017/12/14 (1.53) - using the ImGuiWindowFlags_NoScrollWithMouse flag on a child window forwards the mouse wheel event to the parent window, unless either ImGuiWindowFlags_NoInputs or ImGuiWindowFlags_NoScrollbar are also set.
- 2017/12/13 (1.53) - renamed GetItemsLineHeightWithSpacing() to GetFrameHeightWithSpacing(). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/12/13 (1.53) - obsoleted IsRootWindowFocused() in favor of using IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_RootWindow). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- obsoleted IsRootWindowOrAnyChildFocused() in favor of using IsWindowFocused(ImGuiFocusedFlags_RootAndChildWindows). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/12/12 (1.53) - renamed ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_AllowOverlapMode to ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_AllowItemOverlap. Kept redirection enum (will obsolete).
- 2017/12/10 (1.53) - removed SetNextWindowContentWidth(), prefer using SetNextWindowContentSize(). Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/11/27 (1.53) - renamed ImGuiTextBuffer::append() helper to appendf(), appendv() to appendfv(). If you copied the 'Log' demo in your code, it uses appendv() so that needs to be renamed.
- 2017/11/18 (1.53) - Style, Begin: removed ImGuiWindowFlags_ShowBorders window flag. Borders are now fully set up in the ImGuiStyle structure (see e.g. style.FrameBorderSize, style.WindowBorderSize). Use ImGui::ShowStyleEditor() to look them up.
Please note that the style system will keep evolving (hopefully stabilizing in Q1 2018), and so custom styles will probably subtly break over time. It is recommended you use the StyleColorsClassic(), StyleColorsDark(), StyleColorsLight() functions.
- 2017/11/18 (1.53) - Style: removed ImGuiCol_ComboBg in favor of combo boxes using ImGuiCol_PopupBg for consistency.
- 2017/11/18 (1.53) - Style: renamed ImGuiCol_ChildWindowBg to ImGuiCol_ChildBg.
- 2017/11/18 (1.53) - Style: renamed style.ChildWindowRounding to style.ChildRounding, ImGuiStyleVar_ChildWindowRounding to ImGuiStyleVar_ChildRounding.
- 2017/11/02 (1.53) - obsoleted IsRootWindowOrAnyChildHovered() in favor of using IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_RootAndChildWindows);
- 2017/10/20 (1.52) - changed IsWindowHovered() default parameters behavior to return false if an item is active in another window (e.g. click-dragging item from another window to this window). You can use the newly introduced IsWindowHovered() flags to requests this specific behavior if you need it.
- 2017/10/20 (1.52) - marked IsItemHoveredRect()/IsMouseHoveringWindow() as obsolete, in favor of using the newly introduced flags for IsItemHovered() and IsWindowHovered(). See for details.
removed the IsItemRectHovered()/IsWindowRectHovered() names introduced in 1.51 since they were merely more consistent names for the two functions we are now obsoleting.
IsItemHoveredRect() --> IsItemHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_RectOnly)
IsMouseHoveringAnyWindow() --> IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_AnyWindow)
IsMouseHoveringWindow() --> IsWindowHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_AllowWhenBlockedByPopup | ImGuiHoveredFlags_AllowWhenBlockedByActiveItem) [weird, old behavior]
- 2017/10/17 (1.52) - marked the old 5-parameters version of Begin() as obsolete (still available). Use SetNextWindowSize()+Begin() instead!
- 2017/10/11 (1.52) - renamed AlignFirstTextHeightToWidgets() to AlignTextToFramePadding(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/09/26 (1.52) - renamed ImFont::Glyph to ImFontGlyph. Kept redirection typedef (will obsolete).
- 2017/09/25 (1.52) - removed SetNextWindowPosCenter() because SetNextWindowPos() now has the optional pivot information to do the same and more. Kept redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/08/25 (1.52) - io.MousePos needs to be set to ImVec2(-FLT_MAX,-FLT_MAX) when mouse is unavailable/missing. Previously ImVec2(-1,-1) was enough but we now accept negative mouse coordinates. In your backend if you need to support unavailable mouse, make sure to replace "io.MousePos = ImVec2(-1,-1)" with "io.MousePos = ImVec2(-FLT_MAX,-FLT_MAX)".
- 2017/08/22 (1.51) - renamed IsItemHoveredRect() to IsItemRectHovered(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete). -> (1.52) use IsItemHovered(ImGuiHoveredFlags_RectOnly)!
- renamed IsMouseHoveringAnyWindow() to IsAnyWindowHovered() for consistency. Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- renamed IsMouseHoveringWindow() to IsWindowRectHovered() for consistency. Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2017/08/20 (1.51) - renamed GetStyleColName() to GetStyleColorName() for consistency.
- 2017/08/20 (1.51) - added PushStyleColor(ImGuiCol idx, ImU32 col) overload, which _might_ cause an "ambiguous call" compilation error if you are using ImColor() with implicit cast. Cast to ImU32 or ImVec4 explicily to fix.
- 2017/08/15 (1.51) - marked the weird IMGUI_ONCE_UPON_A_FRAME helper macro as obsolete. prefer using the more explicit ImGuiOnceUponAFrame type.
- 2017/08/15 (1.51) - changed parameter order for BeginPopupContextWindow() from (const char*,int buttons,bool also_over_items) to (const char*,int buttons,bool also_over_items). Note that most calls relied on default parameters completely.
- 2017/08/13 (1.51) - renamed ImGuiCol_Column to ImGuiCol_Separator, ImGuiCol_ColumnHovered to ImGuiCol_SeparatorHovered, ImGuiCol_ColumnActive to ImGuiCol_SeparatorActive. Kept redirection enums (will obsolete).
- 2017/08/11 (1.51) - renamed ImGuiSetCond_Always to ImGuiCond_Always, ImGuiSetCond_Once to ImGuiCond_Once, ImGuiSetCond_FirstUseEver to ImGuiCond_FirstUseEver, ImGuiSetCond_Appearing to ImGuiCond_Appearing. Kept redirection enums (will obsolete).
- 2017/08/09 (1.51) - removed ValueColor() helpers, they are equivalent to calling Text(label) + SameLine() + ColorButton().
- 2017/08/08 (1.51) - removed ColorEditMode() and ImGuiColorEditMode in favor of ImGuiColorEditFlags and parameters to the various Color*() functions. The SetColorEditOptions() allows to initialize default but the user can still change them with right-click context menu.
- changed prototype of 'ColorEdit4(const char* label, float col[4], bool show_alpha = true)' to 'ColorEdit4(const char* label, float col[4], ImGuiColorEditFlags flags = 0)', where passing flags = 0x01 is a safe no-op (hello dodgy backward compatibility!). - check and run the demo window, under "Color/Picker Widgets", to understand the various new options.
- changed prototype of rarely used 'ColorButton(ImVec4 col, bool small_height = false, bool outline_border = true)' to 'ColorButton(const char* desc_id, ImVec4 col, ImGuiColorEditFlags flags = 0, ImVec2 size = ImVec2(0, 0))'
- 2017/07/20 (1.51) - removed IsPosHoveringAnyWindow(ImVec2), which was partly broken and misleading. ASSERT + redirect user to io.WantCaptureMouse
- 2017/05/26 (1.50) - removed ImFontConfig::MergeGlyphCenterV in favor of a more multipurpose ImFontConfig::GlyphOffset.
- 2017/05/01 (1.50) - renamed ImDrawList::PathFill() (rarely used directly) to ImDrawList::PathFillConvex() for clarity.
- 2016/11/06 (1.50) - BeginChild(const char*) now applies the stack id to the provided label, consistently with other functions as it should always have been. It shouldn't affect you unless (extremely unlikely) you were appending multiple times to a same child from different locations of the stack id. If that's the case, generate an id with GetID() and use it instead of passing string to BeginChild().
- 2016/10/15 (1.50) - avoid 'void* user_data' parameter to io.SetClipboardTextFn/io.GetClipboardTextFn pointers. We pass io.ClipboardUserData to it.
- 2016/09/25 (1.50) - style.WindowTitleAlign is now a ImVec2 (ImGuiAlign enum was removed). set to (0.5f,0.5f) for horizontal+vertical centering, (0.0f,0.0f) for upper-left, etc.
- 2016/07/30 (1.50) - SameLine(x) with x>0.0f is now relative to left of column/group if any, and not always to left of window. This was sort of always the intent and hopefully, breakage should be minimal.
- 2016/05/12 (1.49) - title bar (using ImGuiCol_TitleBg/ImGuiCol_TitleBgActive colors) isn't rendered over a window background (ImGuiCol_WindowBg color) anymore.
If your TitleBg/TitleBgActive alpha was 1.0f or you are using the default theme it will not affect you, otherwise if <1.0f you need to tweak your custom theme to readjust for the fact that we don't draw a WindowBg background behind the title bar.
This helper function will convert an old TitleBg/TitleBgActive color into a new one with the same visual output, given the OLD color and the OLD WindowBg color:
ImVec4 ConvertTitleBgCol(const ImVec4& win_bg_col, const ImVec4& title_bg_col) { float new_a = 1.0f - ((1.0f - win_bg_col.w) * (1.0f - title_bg_col.w)), k = title_bg_col.w / new_a; return ImVec4((win_bg_col.x * win_bg_col.w + title_bg_col.x) * k, (win_bg_col.y * win_bg_col.w + title_bg_col.y) * k, (win_bg_col.z * win_bg_col.w + title_bg_col.z) * k, new_a); }
If this is confusing, pick the RGB value from title bar from an old screenshot and apply this as TitleBg/TitleBgActive. Or you may just create TitleBgActive from a tweaked TitleBg color.
- 2016/05/07 (1.49) - removed confusing set of GetInternalState(), GetInternalStateSize(), SetInternalState() functions. Now using CreateContext(), DestroyContext(), GetCurrentContext(), SetCurrentContext().
- 2016/05/02 (1.49) - renamed SetNextTreeNodeOpened() to SetNextTreeNodeOpen(), no redirection.
- 2016/05/01 (1.49) - obsoleted old signature of CollapsingHeader(const char* label, const char* str_id = NULL, bool display_frame = true, bool default_open = false) as extra parameters were badly designed and rarely used. You can replace the "default_open = true" flag in new API with CollapsingHeader(label, ImGuiTreeNodeFlags_DefaultOpen).
- 2016/04/26 (1.49) - changed ImDrawList::PushClipRect(ImVec4 rect) to ImDrawList::PushClipRect(Imvec2 min,ImVec2 max,bool intersect_with_current_clip_rect=false). Note that higher-level ImGui::PushClipRect() is preferable because it will clip at logic/widget level, whereas ImDrawList::PushClipRect() only affect your renderer.
- 2016/04/03 (1.48) - removed style.WindowFillAlphaDefault setting which was redundant. Bake default BG alpha inside style.Colors[ImGuiCol_WindowBg] and all other Bg color values. (ref GitHub issue #337).
- 2016/04/03 (1.48) - renamed ImGuiCol_TooltipBg to ImGuiCol_PopupBg, used by popups/menus and tooltips. popups/menus were previously using ImGuiCol_WindowBg. (ref github issue #337)
- 2016/03/21 (1.48) - renamed GetWindowFont() to GetFont(), GetWindowFontSize() to GetFontSize(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2016/03/02 (1.48) - InputText() completion/history/always callbacks: if you modify the text buffer manually (without using DeleteChars()/InsertChars() helper) you need to maintain the BufTextLen field. added an assert.
- 2016/01/23 (1.48) - fixed not honoring exact width passed to PushItemWidth(), previously it would add extra FramePadding.x*2 over that width. if you had manual pixel-perfect alignment in place it might affect you.
- 2015/12/27 (1.48) - fixed ImDrawList::AddRect() which used to render a rectangle 1 px too large on each axis.
- 2015/12/04 (1.47) - renamed Color() helpers to ValueColor() - dangerously named, rarely used and probably to be made obsolete.
- 2015/08/29 (1.45) - with the addition of horizontal scrollbar we made various fixes to inconsistencies with dealing with cursor position.
GetCursorPos()/SetCursorPos() functions now include the scrolled amount. It shouldn't affect the majority of users, but take note that SetCursorPosX(100.0f) puts you at +100 from the starting x position which may include scrolling, not at +100 from the window left side.
GetContentRegionMax()/GetWindowContentRegionMin()/GetWindowContentRegionMax() functions allow include the scrolled amount. Typically those were used in cases where no scrolling would happen so it may not be a problem, but watch out!
- 2015/08/29 (1.45) - renamed style.ScrollbarWidth to style.ScrollbarSize
- 2015/08/05 (1.44) - split imgui.cpp into extra files: imgui_demo.cpp imgui_draw.cpp imgui_internal.h that you need to add to your project.
- 2015/07/18 (1.44) - fixed angles in ImDrawList::PathArcTo(), PathArcToFast() (introduced in 1.43) being off by an extra PI for no justifiable reason
- 2015/07/14 (1.43) - add new ImFontAtlas::AddFont() API. For the old AddFont***, moved the 'font_no' parameter of ImFontAtlas::AddFont** functions to the ImFontConfig structure.
you need to render your textured triangles with bilinear filtering to benefit from sub-pixel positioning of text.
- 2015/07/08 (1.43) - switched rendering data to use indexed rendering. this is saving a fair amount of CPU/GPU and enables us to get anti-aliasing for a marginal cost.
this necessary change will break your rendering function! the fix should be very easy. sorry for that :(
- if you are using a vanilla copy of one of the imgui_impl_XXX.cpp provided in the example, you just need to update your copy and you can ignore the rest.
- the signature of the io.RenderDrawListsFn handler has changed!
old: ImGui_XXXX_RenderDrawLists(ImDrawList** const cmd_lists, int cmd_lists_count)
new: ImGui_XXXX_RenderDrawLists(ImDrawData* draw_data).
parameters: 'cmd_lists' becomes 'draw_data->CmdLists', 'cmd_lists_count' becomes 'draw_data->CmdListsCount'
ImDrawList: 'commands' becomes 'CmdBuffer', 'vtx_buffer' becomes 'VtxBuffer', 'IdxBuffer' is new.
ImDrawCmd: 'vtx_count' becomes 'ElemCount', 'clip_rect' becomes 'ClipRect', 'user_callback' becomes 'UserCallback', 'texture_id' becomes 'TextureId'.
- each ImDrawList now contains both a vertex buffer and an index buffer. For each command, render ElemCount/3 triangles using indices from the index buffer.
- if you REALLY cannot render indexed primitives, you can call the draw_data->DeIndexAllBuffers() method to de-index the buffers. This is slow and a waste of CPU/GPU. Prefer using indexed rendering!
- refer to code in the examples/ folder or ask on the GitHub if you are unsure of how to upgrade. please upgrade!
- 2015/07/10 (1.43) - changed SameLine() parameters from int to float.
- 2015/07/02 (1.42) - renamed SetScrollPosHere() to SetScrollFromCursorPos(). Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2015/07/02 (1.42) - renamed GetScrollPosY() to GetScrollY(). Necessary to reduce confusion along with other scrolling functions, because positions (e.g. cursor position) are not equivalent to scrolling amount.
- 2015/06/14 (1.41) - changed ImageButton() default bg_col parameter from (0,0,0,1) (black) to (0,0,0,0) (transparent) - makes a difference when texture have transparence
- 2015/06/14 (1.41) - changed Selectable() API from (label, selected, size) to (label, selected, flags, size). Size override should have been rarely used. Sorry!
- 2015/05/31 (1.40) - renamed GetWindowCollapsed() to IsWindowCollapsed() for consistency. Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2015/05/31 (1.40) - renamed IsRectClipped() to IsRectVisible() for consistency. Note that return value is opposite! Kept inline redirection function (will obsolete).
- 2015/05/27 (1.40) - removed the third 'repeat_if_held' parameter from Button() - sorry! it was rarely used and inconsistent. Use PushButtonRepeat(true) / PopButtonRepeat() to enable repeat on desired buttons.
- 2015/05/11 (1.40) - changed BeginPopup() API, takes a string identifier instead of a bool. ImGui needs to manage the open/closed state of popups. Call OpenPopup() to actually set the "open" state of a popup. BeginPopup() returns true if the popup is opened.
- 2015/05/03 (1.40) - removed style.AutoFitPadding, using style.WindowPadding makes more sense (the default values were already the same).
- 2015/04/13 (1.38) - renamed IsClipped() to IsRectClipped(). Kept inline redirection function until 1.50.
- 2015/04/09 (1.38) - renamed ImDrawList::AddArc() to ImDrawList::AddArcFast() for compatibility with future API
- 2015/04/03 (1.38) - removed ImGuiCol_CheckHovered, ImGuiCol_CheckActive, replaced with the more general ImGuiCol_FrameBgHovered, ImGuiCol_FrameBgActive.
- 2014/04/03 (1.38) - removed support for passing -FLT_MAX..+FLT_MAX as the range for a SliderFloat(). Use DragFloat() or Inputfloat() instead.
- 2015/03/17 (1.36) - renamed GetItemBoxMin()/GetItemBoxMax()/IsMouseHoveringBox() to GetItemRectMin()/GetItemRectMax()/IsMouseHoveringRect(). Kept inline redirection function until 1.50.
- 2015/03/15 (1.36) - renamed style.TreeNodeSpacing to style.IndentSpacing, ImGuiStyleVar_TreeNodeSpacing to ImGuiStyleVar_IndentSpacing
- 2015/03/13 (1.36) - renamed GetWindowIsFocused() to IsWindowFocused(). Kept inline redirection function until 1.50.
- 2015/03/08 (1.35) - renamed style.ScrollBarWidth to style.ScrollbarWidth (casing)
- 2015/02/27 (1.34) - renamed OpenNextNode(bool) to SetNextTreeNodeOpened(bool, ImGuiSetCond). Kept inline redirection function until 1.50.
- 2015/02/27 (1.34) - renamed ImGuiSetCondition_*** to ImGuiSetCond_***, and _FirstUseThisSession becomes _Once.
- 2015/02/11 (1.32) - changed text input callback ImGuiTextEditCallback return type from void-->int. reserved for future use, return 0 for now.
- 2015/02/10 (1.32) - renamed GetItemWidth() to CalcItemWidth() to clarify its evolving behavior
- 2015/02/08 (1.31) - renamed GetTextLineSpacing() to GetTextLineHeightWithSpacing()
- 2015/02/01 (1.31) - removed IO.MemReallocFn (unused)
- 2015/01/19 (1.30) - renamed ImGuiStorage::GetIntPtr()/GetFloatPtr() to GetIntRef()/GetIntRef() because Ptr was conflicting with actual pointer storage functions.
- 2015/01/11 (1.30) - big font/image API change! now loads TTF file. allow for multiple fonts. no need for a PNG loader.
- 2015/01/11 (1.30) - removed GetDefaultFontData(). uses io.Fonts->GetTextureData*() API to retrieve uncompressed pixels.
- old: const void* png_data; unsigned int png_size; ImGui::GetDefaultFontData(NULL, NULL, &png_data, &png_size); [..Upload texture to GPU..];
- new: unsigned char* pixels; int width, height; io.Fonts->GetTexDataAsRGBA32(&pixels, &width, &height); [..Upload texture to GPU..]; io.Fonts->SetTexID(YourTexIdentifier);
you now have more flexibility to load multiple TTF fonts and manage the texture buffer for internal needs. It is now recommended that you sample the font texture with bilinear interpolation.
- 2015/01/11 (1.30) - added texture identifier in ImDrawCmd passed to your render function (we can now render images). make sure to call io.Fonts->SetTexID()
- 2015/01/11 (1.30) - removed IO.PixelCenterOffset (unnecessary, can be handled in user projection matrix)
- 2015/01/11 (1.30) - removed ImGui::IsItemFocused() in favor of ImGui::IsItemActive() which handles all widgets
- 2014/12/10 (1.18) - removed SetNewWindowDefaultPos() in favor of new generic API SetNextWindowPos(pos, ImGuiSetCondition_FirstUseEver)
- 2014/11/28 (1.17) - moved IO.Font*** options to inside the IO.Font-> structure (FontYOffset, FontTexUvForWhite, FontBaseScale, FontFallbackGlyph)
- 2014/11/26 (1.17) - reworked syntax of IMGUI_ONCE_UPON_A_FRAME helper macro to increase compiler compatibility
- 2014/11/07 (1.15) - renamed IsHovered() to IsItemHovered()
- 2014/10/02 (1.14) - renamed IMGUI_INCLUDE_IMGUI_USER_CPP to IMGUI_INCLUDE_IMGUI_USER_INL and imgui_user.cpp to imgui_user.inl (more IDE friendly)
- 2014/09/25 (1.13) - removed 'text_end' parameter from IO.SetClipboardTextFn (the string is now always zero-terminated for simplicity)
- 2014/09/24 (1.12) - renamed SetFontScale() to SetWindowFontScale()
- 2014/09/24 (1.12) - moved IM_MALLOC/IM_REALLOC/IM_FREE preprocessor defines to IO.MemAllocFn/IO.MemReallocFn/IO.MemFreeFn
- 2014/08/30 (1.09) - removed IO.FontHeight (now computed automatically)
- 2014/08/30 (1.09) - moved IMGUI_FONT_TEX_UV_FOR_WHITE preprocessor define to IO.FontTexUvForWhite
- 2014/08/28 (1.09) - changed the behavior of IO.PixelCenterOffset following various rendering fixes
Read all answers online: or (same url)
Read all answers locally (with a text editor or ideally a Markdown viewer):
Some answers are copied down here to facilitate searching in code.
Q&A: Basics
Q: Where is the documentation?
A: This library is poorly documented at the moment and expects the user to be acquainted with C/C++.
- Run the examples/ and explore them.
- See demo code in imgui_demo.cpp and particularly the ImGui::ShowDemoWindow() function.
- The demo covers most features of Dear ImGui, so you can read the code and see its output.
- See documentation and comments at the top of imgui.cpp + effectively imgui.h.
- Dozens of standalone example applications using e.g. OpenGL/DirectX are provided in the
examples/ folder to explain how to integrate Dear ImGui with your own engine/application.
- The Wiki ( has many resources and links.
- The Glossary ( page also may be useful.
- Your programming IDE is your friend, find the type or function declaration to find comments
associated with it.
Q: What is this library called?
Q: Which version should I get?
>> This library is called "Dear ImGui", please don't call it "ImGui" :)
>> See for details.
Q&A: Integration
Q: How to get started?
A: Read 'PROGRAMMER GUIDE' above. Read examples/README.txt.
Q: How can I tell whether to dispatch mouse/keyboard to Dear ImGui or my application?
A: You should read the 'io.WantCaptureMouse', 'io.WantCaptureKeyboard' and 'io.WantTextInput' flags!
>> See for a fully detailed answer. You really want to read this.
Q. How can I enable keyboard controls?
Q: How can I use this without a mouse, without a keyboard or without a screen? (gamepad, input share, remote display)
Q: I integrated Dear ImGui in my engine and little squares are showing instead of text...
Q: I integrated Dear ImGui in my engine and some elements are clipping or disappearing when I move windows around...
Q: I integrated Dear ImGui in my engine and some elements are displaying outside their expected windows boundaries...
>> See
Q&A: Usage
Q: About the ID Stack system..
- Why is my widget not reacting when I click on it?
- How can I have widgets with an empty label?
- How can I have multiple widgets with the same label?
- How can I have multiple windows with the same label?
Q: How can I display an image? What is ImTextureID, how does it work?
Q: How can I use my own math types instead of ImVec2/ImVec4?
Q: How can I interact with standard C++ types (such as std::string and std::vector)?
Q: How can I display custom shapes? (using low-level ImDrawList API)
>> See
Q&A: Fonts, Text
Q: How should I handle DPI in my application?
Q: How can I load a different font than the default?
Q: How can I easily use icons in my application?
Q: How can I load multiple fonts?
Q: How can I display and input non-Latin characters such as Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Cyrillic?
>> See and
Q&A: Concerns
Q: Who uses Dear ImGui?
Q: Can you create elaborate/serious tools with Dear ImGui?
Q: Can you reskin the look of Dear ImGui?
Q: Why using C++ (as opposed to C)?
>> See
Q&A: Community
Q: How can I help?
A: - Businesses: please reach out to "contact AT" if you work in a place using Dear ImGui!
We can discuss ways for your company to fund development via invoiced technical support, maintenance or sponsoring contacts.
This is among the most useful thing you can do for Dear ImGui. With increased funding, we can hire more people working on this project.
- Individuals: you can support continued development via PayPal donations. See README.
- If you are experienced with Dear ImGui and C++, look at the GitHub issues, look at the Wiki, read docs/TODO.txt
and see how you want to help and can help!
- Disclose your usage of Dear ImGui via a dev blog post, a tweet, a screenshot, a mention somewhere etc.
You may post screenshot or links in the gallery threads. Visuals are ideal as they inspire other programmers.
But even without visuals, disclosing your use of dear imgui helps the library grow credibility, and help other teams and programmers with taking decisions.
- If you have issues or if you need to hack into the library, even if you don't expect any support it is useful that you share your issues (on GitHub or privately).
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(_CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS)
#include "imgui.h"
#include "imgui_internal.h"
// System includes
#include <stdio.h> // vsnprintf, sscanf, printf
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER <= 1500 // MSVC 2008 or earlier
#include <stddef.h> // intptr_t
#include <stdint.h> // intptr_t
// [Windows] On non-Visual Studio compilers, we default to IMGUI_DISABLE_WIN32_DEFAULT_IME_FUNCTIONS unless explicitly enabled
// [Windows] OS specific includes (optional)
#if defined(_WIN32) && !defined(IMGUI_DISABLE_WIN32_FUNCTIONS)
#ifndef NOMINMAX
#define NOMINMAX
#ifndef __MINGW32__
#include <Windows.h> // _wfopen, OpenClipboard
#include <windows.h>
#if defined(WINAPI_FAMILY) && (WINAPI_FAMILY == WINAPI_FAMILY_APP) // UWP doesn't have all Win32 functions
// [Apple] OS specific includes
#if defined(__APPLE__)
#include <TargetConditionals.h>
// Visual Studio warnings
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma warning (disable: 4127) // condition expression is constant
#pragma warning (disable: 4996) // 'This function or variable may be unsafe': strcpy, strdup, sprintf, vsnprintf, sscanf, fopen
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1922 // MSVC 2019 16.2 or later
#pragma warning (disable: 5054) // operator '|': deprecated between enumerations of different types
#pragma warning (disable: 26451) // [Static Analyzer] Arithmetic overflow : Using operator 'xxx' on a 4 byte value and then casting the result to an 8 byte value. Cast the value to the wider type before calling operator 'xxx' to avoid overflow(io.2).
#pragma warning (disable: 26495) // [Static Analyzer] Variable 'XXX' is uninitialized. Always initialize a member variable (type.6).
#pragma warning (disable: 26812) // [Static Analyzer] The enum type 'xxx' is unscoped. Prefer 'enum class' over 'enum' (Enum.3).
// Clang/GCC warnings with -Weverything
#if defined(__clang__)
#if __has_warning("-Wunknown-warning-option")
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunknown-warning-option" // warning: unknown warning group 'xxx' // not all warnings are known by all Clang versions and they tend to be rename-happy.. so ignoring warnings triggers new warnings on some configuration. Great!
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunknown-pragmas" // warning: unknown warning group 'xxx'
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wold-style-cast" // warning: use of old-style cast // yes, they are more terse.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wfloat-equal" // warning: comparing floating point with == or != is unsafe // storing and comparing against same constants (typically 0.0f) is ok.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-nonliteral" // warning: format string is not a string literal // passing non-literal to vsnformat(). yes, user passing incorrect format strings can crash the code.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors" // warning: declaration requires an exit-time destructor // exit-time destruction order is undefined. if MemFree() leads to users code that has been disabled before exit it might cause problems. ImGui coding style welcomes static/globals.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wglobal-constructors" // warning: declaration requires a global destructor // similar to above, not sure what the exact difference is.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wsign-conversion" // warning: implicit conversion changes signedness
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-pedantic" // warning: format specifies type 'void *' but the argument has type 'xxxx *' // unreasonable, would lead to casting every %p arg to void*. probably enabled by -pedantic.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wint-to-void-pointer-cast" // warning: cast to 'void *' from smaller integer type 'int'
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wzero-as-null-pointer-constant" // warning: zero as null pointer constant // some standard header variations use #define NULL 0
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wdouble-promotion" // warning: implicit conversion from 'float' to 'double' when passing argument to function // using printf() is a misery with this as C++ va_arg ellipsis changes float to double.
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wimplicit-int-float-conversion" // warning: implicit conversion from 'xxx' to 'float' may lose precision
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
// We disable -Wpragmas because GCC doesn't provide a has_warning equivalent and some forks/patches may not follow the warning/version association.
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wpragmas" // warning: unknown option after '#pragma GCC diagnostic' kind
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-function" // warning: 'xxxx' defined but not used
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wint-to-pointer-cast" // warning: cast to pointer from integer of different size
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat" // warning: format '%p' expects argument of type 'void*', but argument 6 has type 'ImGuiWindow*'
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wdouble-promotion" // warning: implicit conversion from 'float' to 'double' when passing argument to function
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wconversion" // warning: conversion to 'xxxx' from 'xxxx' may alter its value
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-nonliteral" // warning: format not a string literal, format string not checked
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wstrict-overflow" // warning: assuming signed overflow does not occur when assuming that (X - c) > X is always false
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wclass-memaccess" // [__GNUC__ >= 8] warning: 'memset/memcpy' clearing/writing an object of type 'xxxx' with no trivial copy-assignment; use assignment or value-initialization instead
// Debug options
#define IMGUI_DEBUG_NAV_SCORING 0 // Display navigation scoring preview when hovering items. Display last moving direction matches when holding CTRL
#define IMGUI_DEBUG_NAV_RECTS 0 // Display the reference navigation rectangle for each window
#define IMGUI_DEBUG_INI_SETTINGS 0 // Save additional comments in .ini file (particularly helps for Docking, but makes saving slower)
// When using CTRL+TAB (or Gamepad Square+L/R) we delay the visual a little in order to reduce visual noise doing a fast switch.
static const float NAV_WINDOWING_HIGHLIGHT_DELAY = 0.20f; // Time before the highlight and screen dimming starts fading in
static const float NAV_WINDOWING_LIST_APPEAR_DELAY = 0.15f; // Time before the window list starts to appear
// Window resizing from edges (when io.ConfigWindowsResizeFromEdges = true and ImGuiBackendFlags_HasMouseCursors is set in io.BackendFlags by backend)
static const float WINDOWS_HOVER_PADDING = 4.0f; // Extend outside window for hovering/resizing (maxxed with TouchPadding) and inside windows for borders. Affect FindHoveredWindow().
static const float WINDOWS_RESIZE_FROM_EDGES_FEEDBACK_TIMER = 0.04f; // Reduce visual noise by only highlighting the border after a certain time.
static const float WINDOWS_MOUSE_WHEEL_SCROLL_LOCK_TIMER = 0.70f; // Lock scrolled window (so it doesn't pick child windows that are scrolling through) for a certain time, unless mouse moved.
static void SetCurrentWindow(ImGuiWindow* window);
static void FindHoveredWindow();
static ImGuiWindow* CreateNewWindow(const char* name, ImGuiWindowFlags flags);
static ImVec2 CalcNextScrollFromScrollTargetAndClamp(ImGuiWindow* window);
static void AddDrawListToDrawData(ImVector<ImDrawList*>* out_list, ImDrawList* draw_list);
static void AddWindowToSortBuffer(ImVector<ImGuiWindow*>* out_sorted_windows, ImGuiWindow* window);
// Settings
static void WindowSettingsHandler_ClearAll(ImGuiContext*, ImGuiSettingsHandler*);
static void* WindowSettingsHandler_ReadOpen(ImGuiContext*, ImGuiSettingsHandler*, const char* name);
static void WindowSettingsHandler_ReadLine(ImGuiContext*, ImGuiSettingsHandler*, void* entry, const char* line);
static void WindowSettingsHandler_ApplyAll(ImGuiContext*, ImGuiSettingsHandler*);
static void WindowSettingsHandler_WriteAll(ImGuiContext*, ImGuiSettingsHandler*, ImGuiTextBuffer* buf);
// Platform Dependents default implementation for IO functions
static const char* GetClipboardTextFn_DefaultImpl(void* user_data);
static void SetClipboardTextFn_DefaultImpl(void* user_data, const char* text);
static void SetPlatformImeDataFn_DefaultImpl(ImGuiViewport* viewport, ImGuiPlatformImeData* data);
namespace ImGui
// Navigation
static void NavUpdate();
static void NavUpdateWindowing();
static void NavUpdateWindowingOverlay();
static void NavUpdateCancelRequest();
static void NavUpdateCreateMoveRequest();
static void NavUpdateCreateTabbingRequest();
static float NavUpdatePageUpPageDown();
static inline void NavUpdateAnyRequestFlag();
static void NavUpdateCreateWrappingRequest();
static void NavEndFrame();
static bool NavScoreItem(ImGuiNavItemData* result);
static void NavApplyItemToResult(ImGuiNavItemData* result);
static void NavProcessItem();
static void NavProcessItemForTabbingRequest(ImGuiID id);
static ImVec2 NavCalcPreferredRefPos();
static void NavSaveLastChildNavWindowIntoParent(ImGuiWindow* nav_window);
static ImGuiWindow* NavRestoreLastChildNavWindow(ImGuiWindow* window);
static void NavRestoreLayer(ImGuiNavLayer layer);
static void NavRestoreHighlightAfterMove();
static int FindWindowFocusIndex(ImGuiWindow* window);
// Error Checking and Debug Tools
static void ErrorCheckNewFrameSanityChecks();
static void ErrorCheckEndFrameSanityChecks();
static void UpdateDebugToolItemPicker();
static void UpdateDebugToolStackQueries();
// Inputs
static void UpdateKeyboardInputs();
static void UpdateMouseInputs();
static void UpdateMouseWheel();
static void UpdateKeyRoutingTable(ImGuiKeyRoutingTable* rt);
// Misc
static void UpdateSettings();
static bool UpdateWindowManualResize(ImGuiWindow* window, const ImVec2& size_auto_fit, int* border_held, int resize_grip_count, ImU32 resize_grip_col[4], const ImRect& visibility_rect);
static void RenderWindowOuterBorders(ImGuiWindow* window);
static void RenderWindowDecorations(ImGuiWindow* window, const ImRect& title_bar_rect, bool title_bar_is_highlight, bool handle_borders_and_resize_grips, int resize_grip_count, const ImU32 resize_grip_col[4], float resize_grip_draw_size);
static void RenderWindowTitleBarContents(ImGuiWindow* window, const ImRect& title_bar_rect, const char* name, bool* p_open);
static void RenderDimmedBackgroundBehindWindow(ImGuiWindow* window, ImU32 col);
static void RenderDimmedBackgrounds();
static ImGuiWindow* FindBlockingModal(ImGuiWindow* window);
// Viewports
static void UpdateViewportsNewFrame();
// DLL users:
// - Heaps and globals are not shared across DLL boundaries!
// - You will need to call SetCurrentContext() + SetAllocatorFunctions() for each static/DLL boundary you are calling from.
// - Same applies for hot-reloading mechanisms that are reliant on reloading DLL (note that many hot-reloading mechanisms work without DLL).
// - Using Dear ImGui via a shared library is not recommended, because of function call overhead and because we don't guarantee backward nor forward ABI compatibility.
// - Confused? In a debugger: add GImGui to your watch window and notice how its value changes depending on your current location (which DLL boundary you are in).
// Current context pointer. Implicitly used by all Dear ImGui functions. Always assumed to be != NULL.
// - ImGui::CreateContext() will automatically set this pointer if it is NULL.
// Change to a different context by calling ImGui::SetCurrentContext().
// - Important: Dear ImGui functions are not thread-safe because of this pointer.
// If you want thread-safety to allow N threads to access N different contexts:
// - Change this variable to use thread local storage so each thread can refer to a different context, in your imconfig.h:
// struct ImGuiContext;
// extern thread_local ImGuiContext* MyImGuiTLS;
// #define GImGui MyImGuiTLS
// And then define MyImGuiTLS in one of your cpp files. Note that thread_local is a C++11 keyword, earlier C++ uses compiler-specific keyword.
// - Future development aims to make this context pointer explicit to all calls. Also read
// - If you need a finite number of contexts, you may compile and use multiple instances of the ImGui code from a different namespace.
// - DLL users: read comments above.
#ifndef GImGui
ImGuiContext* GImGui = NULL;
// Memory Allocator functions. Use SetAllocatorFunctions() to change them.
// - You probably don't want to modify that mid-program, and if you use global/static e.g. ImVector<> instances you may need to keep them accessible during program destruction.
// - DLL users: read comments above.
static void* MallocWrapper(size_t size, void* user_data) { IM_UNUSED(user_data); return malloc(size); }
static void FreeWrapper(void* ptr, void* user_data) { IM_UNUSED(user_data); free(ptr); }
static void* MallocWrapper(size_t size, void* user_data) { IM_UNUSED(user_data); IM_UNUSED(size); IM_ASSERT(0); return NULL; }
static void FreeWrapper(void* ptr, void* user_data) { IM_UNUSED(user_data); IM_UNUSED(ptr); IM_ASSERT(0); }
static ImGuiMemAllocFunc GImAllocatorAllocFunc = MallocWrapper;
static ImGuiMemFreeFunc GImAllocatorFreeFunc = FreeWrapper;
static void* GImAllocatorUserData = NULL;
Alpha = 1.0f; // Global alpha applies to everything in Dear ImGui.
DisabledAlpha = 0.60f; // Additional alpha multiplier applied by BeginDisabled(). Multiply over current value of Alpha.
WindowPadding = ImVec2(8,8); // Padding within a window
WindowRounding = 0.0f; // Radius of window corners rounding. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular windows. Large values tend to lead to variety of artifacts and are not recommended.
WindowBorderSize = 1.0f; // Thickness of border around windows. Generally set to 0.0f or 1.0f. Other values not well tested.
WindowMinSize = ImVec2(32,32); // Minimum window size
WindowTitleAlign = ImVec2(0.0f,0.5f);// Alignment for title bar text
WindowMenuButtonPosition= ImGuiDir_Left; // Position of the collapsing/docking button in the title bar (left/right). Defaults to ImGuiDir_Left.
ChildRounding = 0.0f; // Radius of child window corners rounding. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular child windows
ChildBorderSize = 1.0f; // Thickness of border around child windows. Generally set to 0.0f or 1.0f. Other values not well tested.
PopupRounding = 0.0f; // Radius of popup window corners rounding. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular child windows
PopupBorderSize = 1.0f; // Thickness of border around popup or tooltip windows. Generally set to 0.0f or 1.0f. Other values not well tested.
FramePadding = ImVec2(4,3); // Padding within a framed rectangle (used by most widgets)
FrameRounding = 0.0f; // Radius of frame corners rounding. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular frames (used by most widgets).
FrameBorderSize = 0.0f; // Thickness of border around frames. Generally set to 0.0f or 1.0f. Other values not well tested.
ItemSpacing = ImVec2(8,4); // Horizontal and vertical spacing between widgets/lines
ItemInnerSpacing = ImVec2(4,4); // Horizontal and vertical spacing between within elements of a composed widget (e.g. a slider and its label)
CellPadding = ImVec2(4,2); // Padding within a table cell
TouchExtraPadding = ImVec2(0,0); // Expand reactive bounding box for touch-based system where touch position is not accurate enough. Unfortunately we don't sort widgets so priority on overlap will always be given to the first widget. So don't grow this too much!
IndentSpacing = 21.0f; // Horizontal spacing when e.g. entering a tree node. Generally == (FontSize + FramePadding.x*2).
ColumnsMinSpacing = 6.0f; // Minimum horizontal spacing between two columns. Preferably > (FramePadding.x + 1).
ScrollbarSize = 14.0f; // Width of the vertical scrollbar, Height of the horizontal scrollbar
ScrollbarRounding = 9.0f; // Radius of grab corners rounding for scrollbar
GrabMinSize = 12.0f; // Minimum width/height of a grab box for slider/scrollbar
GrabRounding = 0.0f; // Radius of grabs corners rounding. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular slider grabs.
LogSliderDeadzone = 4.0f; // The size in pixels of the dead-zone around zero on logarithmic sliders that cross zero.
TabRounding = 4.0f; // Radius of upper corners of a tab. Set to 0.0f to have rectangular tabs.
TabBorderSize = 0.0f; // Thickness of border around tabs.
TabMinWidthForCloseButton = 0.0f; // Minimum width for close button to appear on an unselected tab when hovered. Set to 0.0f to always show when hovering, set to FLT_MAX to never show close button unless selected.
ColorButtonPosition = ImGuiDir_Right; // Side of the color button in the ColorEdit4 widget (left/right). Defaults to ImGuiDir_Right.
ButtonTextAlign = ImVec2(0.5f,0.5f);// Alignment of button text when button is larger than text.
SelectableTextAlign = ImVec2(0.0f,0.0f);// Alignment of selectable text. Defaults to (0.0f, 0.0f) (top-left aligned). It's generally important to keep this left-aligned if you want to lay multiple items on a same line.
DisplayWindowPadding = ImVec2(19,19); // Window position are clamped to be visible within the display area or monitors by at least this amount. Only applies to regular windows.
DisplaySafeAreaPadding = ImVec2(3,3); // If you cannot see the edge of your screen (e.g. on a TV) increase the safe area padding. Covers popups/tooltips as well regular windows.
MouseCursorScale = 1.0f; // Scale software rendered mouse cursor (when io.MouseDrawCursor is enabled). May be removed later.
AntiAliasedLines = true; // Enable anti-aliased lines/borders. Disable if you are really tight on CPU/GPU.
AntiAliasedLinesUseTex = true; // Enable anti-aliased lines/borders using textures where possible. Require backend to render with bilinear filtering (NOT point/nearest filtering).
AntiAliasedFill = true; // Enable anti-aliased filled shapes (rounded rectangles, circles, etc.).
CurveTessellationTol = 1.25f; // Tessellation tolerance when using PathBezierCurveTo() without a specific number of segments. Decrease for highly tessellated curves (higher quality, more polygons), increase to reduce quality.
CircleTessellationMaxError = 0.30f; // Maximum error (in pixels) allowed when using AddCircle()/AddCircleFilled() or drawing rounded corner rectangles with no explicit segment count specified. Decrease for higher quality but more geometry.
// Default theme
// To scale your entire UI (e.g. if you want your app to use High DPI or generally be DPI aware) you may use this helper function. Scaling the fonts is done separately and is up to you.
// Important: This operation is lossy because we round all sizes to integer. If you need to change your scale multiples, call this over a freshly initialized ImGuiStyle structure rather than scaling multiple times.
void ImGuiStyle::ScaleAllSizes(float scale_factor)
WindowPadding = ImFloor(WindowPadding * scale_factor);
WindowRounding = ImFloor(WindowRounding * scale_factor);
WindowMinSize = ImFloor(WindowMinSize * scale_factor);
ChildRounding = ImFloor(ChildRounding * scale_factor);
PopupRounding = ImFloor(PopupRounding * scale_factor);
FramePadding = ImFloor(FramePadding * scale_factor);
FrameRounding = ImFloor(FrameRounding * scale_factor);
ItemSpacing = ImFloor(ItemSpacing * scale_factor);
ItemInnerSpacing = ImFloor(ItemInnerSpacing * scale_factor);
CellPadding = ImFloor(CellPadding * scale_factor);
TouchExtraPadding = ImFloor(TouchExtraPadding * scale_factor);
IndentSpacing = ImFloor(IndentSpacing * scale_factor);
ColumnsMinSpacing = ImFloor(ColumnsMinSpacing * scale_factor);
ScrollbarSize = ImFloor(ScrollbarSize * scale_factor);
ScrollbarRounding = ImFloor(ScrollbarRounding * scale_factor);
GrabMinSize = ImFloor(GrabMinSize * scale_factor);
GrabRounding = ImFloor(GrabRounding * scale_factor);
LogSliderDeadzone = ImFloor(LogSliderDeadzone * scale_factor);
TabRounding = ImFloor(TabRounding * scale_factor);
TabMinWidthForCloseButton = (TabMinWidthForCloseButton != FLT_MAX) ? ImFloor(TabMinWidthForCloseButton * scale_factor) : FLT_MAX;
DisplayWindowPadding = ImFloor(DisplayWindowPadding * scale_factor);
DisplaySafeAreaPadding = ImFloor(DisplaySafeAreaPadding * scale_factor);
MouseCursorScale = ImFloor(MouseCursorScale * scale_factor);
// Most fields are initialized with zero
memset(this, 0, sizeof(*this));
IM_STATIC_ASSERT(IM_ARRAYSIZE(ImGuiIO::MouseDown) == ImGuiMouseButton_COUNT && IM_ARRAYSIZE(ImGuiIO::MouseClicked) == ImGuiMouseButton_COUNT);
// Settings
ConfigFlags = ImGuiConfigFlags_None;
BackendFlags = ImGuiBackendFlags_None;
DisplaySize = ImVec2(-1.0f, -1.0f);
DeltaTime = 1.0f / 60.0f;
IniSavingRate = 5.0f;
IniFilename = "imgui.ini"; // Important: "imgui.ini" is relative to current working dir, most apps will want to lock this to an absolute path (e.g. same path as executables).
LogFilename = "imgui_log.txt";
MouseDoubleClickTime = 0.30f;
MouseDoubleClickMaxDist = 6.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < ImGuiKey_COUNT; i++)
KeyMap[i] = -1;
KeyRepeatDelay = 0.275f;
KeyRepeatRate = 0.050f;
HoverDelayNormal = 0.30f;
HoverDelayShort = 0.10f;
UserData = NULL;
Fonts = NULL;
FontGlobalScale = 1.0f;
FontDefault = NULL;
FontAllowUserScaling = false;
DisplayFramebufferScale = ImVec2(1.0f, 1.0f);
// Miscellaneous options
MouseDrawCursor = false;
#ifdef __APPLE__
ConfigMacOSXBehaviors = true; // Set Mac OS X style defaults based on __APPLE__ compile time flag
ConfigMacOSXBehaviors = false;
ConfigInputTrickleEventQueue = true;
ConfigInputTextCursorBlink = true;
ConfigInputTextEnterKeepActive = false;
ConfigDragClickToInputText = false;
ConfigWindowsResizeFromEdges = true;
ConfigWindowsMoveFromTitleBarOnly = false;
ConfigMemoryCompactTimer = 60.0f;
// Platform Functions
BackendPlatformName = BackendRendererName = NULL;
BackendPlatformUserData = BackendRendererUserData = BackendLanguageUserData = NULL;
GetClipboardTextFn = GetClipboardTextFn_DefaultImpl; // Platform dependent default implementations
SetClipboardTextFn = SetClipboardTextFn_DefaultImpl;
ClipboardUserData = NULL;
SetPlatformImeDataFn = SetPlatformImeDataFn_DefaultImpl;
// Input (NB: we already have memset zero the entire structure!)
MousePos = ImVec2(-FLT_MAX, -FLT_MAX);
MousePosPrev = ImVec2(-FLT_MAX, -FLT_MAX);
MouseDragThreshold = 6.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < IM_ARRAYSIZE(MouseDownDuration); i++) MouseDownDuration[i] = MouseDownDurationPrev[i] = -1.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < IM_ARRAYSIZE(KeysData); i++) { KeysData[i].DownDuration = KeysData[i].DownDurationPrev = -1.0f; }
AppAcceptingEvents = true;
BackendUsingLegacyKeyArrays = (ImS8)-1;
BackendUsingLegacyNavInputArray = true; // assume using legacy array until proven wrong
// Pass in translated ASCII characters for text input.
// - with glfw you can get those from the callback set in glfwSetCharCallback()
// - on Windows you can get those using ToAscii+keyboard state, or via the WM_CHAR message
// FIXME: Should in theory be called "AddCharacterEvent()" to be consistent with new API
void ImGuiIO::AddInputCharacter(unsigned int c)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
if (c == 0 || !AppAcceptingEvents)
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_Text;
e.Source = ImGuiInputSource_Keyboard;
e.Text.Char = c;
// UTF16 strings use surrogate pairs to encode codepoints >= 0x10000, so
// we should save the high surrogate.
void ImGuiIO::AddInputCharacterUTF16(ImWchar16 c)
if ((c == 0 && InputQueueSurrogate == 0) || !AppAcceptingEvents)
if ((c & 0xFC00) == 0xD800) // High surrogate, must save
if (InputQueueSurrogate != 0)
InputQueueSurrogate = c;
ImWchar cp = c;
if (InputQueueSurrogate != 0)
if ((c & 0xFC00) != 0xDC00) // Invalid low surrogate
cp = IM_UNICODE_CODEPOINT_INVALID; // Codepoint will not fit in ImWchar
cp = (ImWchar)(((InputQueueSurrogate - 0xD800) << 10) + (c - 0xDC00) + 0x10000);
InputQueueSurrogate = 0;
void ImGuiIO::AddInputCharactersUTF8(const char* utf8_chars)
if (!AppAcceptingEvents)
while (*utf8_chars != 0)
unsigned int c = 0;
utf8_chars += ImTextCharFromUtf8(&c, utf8_chars, NULL);
if (c != 0)
// FIXME: Perhaps we could clear queued events as well?
void ImGuiIO::ClearInputCharacters()
// FIXME: Perhaps we could clear queued events as well?
void ImGuiIO::ClearInputKeys()
memset(KeysDown, 0, sizeof(KeysDown));
for (int n = 0; n < IM_ARRAYSIZE(KeysData); n++)
KeysData[n].Down = false;
KeysData[n].DownDuration = -1.0f;
KeysData[n].DownDurationPrev = -1.0f;
KeyCtrl = KeyShift = KeyAlt = KeySuper = false;
KeyMods = ImGuiMod_None;
MousePos = ImVec2(-FLT_MAX, -FLT_MAX);
for (int n = 0; n < IM_ARRAYSIZE(MouseDown); n++)
MouseDown[n] = false;
MouseDownDuration[n] = MouseDownDurationPrev[n] = -1.0f;
MouseWheel = MouseWheelH = 0.0f;
static ImGuiInputEvent* FindLatestInputEvent(ImGuiInputEventType type, int arg = -1)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
for (int n = g.InputEventsQueue.Size - 1; n >= 0; n--)
ImGuiInputEvent* e = &g.InputEventsQueue[n];
if (e->Type != type)
if (type == ImGuiInputEventType_Key && e->Key.Key != arg)
if (type == ImGuiInputEventType_MouseButton && e->MouseButton.Button != arg)
return e;
return NULL;
// Queue a new key down/up event.
// - ImGuiKey key: Translated key (as in, generally ImGuiKey_A matches the key end-user would use to emit an 'A' character)
// - bool down: Is the key down? use false to signify a key release.
// - float analog_value: 0.0f..1.0f
void ImGuiIO::AddKeyAnalogEvent(ImGuiKey key, bool down, float analog_value)
//if (e->Down) { IMGUI_DEBUG_LOG_IO("AddKeyEvent() Key='%s' %d, NativeKeycode = %d, NativeScancode = %d\n", ImGui::GetKeyName(e->Key), e->Down, e->NativeKeycode, e->NativeScancode); }
if (key == ImGuiKey_None || !AppAcceptingEvents)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
IM_ASSERT(ImGui::IsNamedKeyOrModKey(key)); // Backend needs to pass a valid ImGuiKey_ constant. 0..511 values are legacy native key codes which are not accepted by this API.
IM_ASSERT(!ImGui::IsAliasKey(key)); // Backend cannot submit ImGuiKey_MouseXXX values they are automatically inferred from AddMouseXXX() events.
IM_ASSERT(key != ImGuiMod_Shortcut); // We could easily support the translation here but it seems saner to not accept it (TestEngine perform a translation itself)
// Verify that backend isn't mixing up using new io.AddKeyEvent() api and old io.KeysDown[] + io.KeyMap[] data.
IM_ASSERT((BackendUsingLegacyKeyArrays == -1 || BackendUsingLegacyKeyArrays == 0) && "Backend needs to either only use io.AddKeyEvent(), either only fill legacy io.KeysDown[] + io.KeyMap[]. Not both!");
if (BackendUsingLegacyKeyArrays == -1)
for (int n = ImGuiKey_NamedKey_BEGIN; n < ImGuiKey_NamedKey_END; n++)
IM_ASSERT(KeyMap[n] == -1 && "Backend needs to either only use io.AddKeyEvent(), either only fill legacy io.KeysDown[] + io.KeyMap[]. Not both!");
BackendUsingLegacyKeyArrays = 0;
if (ImGui::IsGamepadKey(key))
BackendUsingLegacyNavInputArray = false;
// Filter duplicate (in particular: key mods and gamepad analog values are commonly spammed)
const ImGuiInputEvent* latest_event = FindLatestInputEvent(ImGuiInputEventType_Key, (int)key);
const ImGuiKeyData* key_data = ImGui::GetKeyData(key);
const bool latest_key_down = latest_event ? latest_event->Key.Down : key_data->Down;
const float latest_key_analog = latest_event ? latest_event->Key.AnalogValue : key_data->AnalogValue;
if (latest_key_down == down && latest_key_analog == analog_value)
// Add event
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_Key;
e.Source = ImGui::IsGamepadKey(key) ? ImGuiInputSource_Gamepad : ImGuiInputSource_Keyboard;
e.Key.Key = key;
e.Key.Down = down;
e.Key.AnalogValue = analog_value;
void ImGuiIO::AddKeyEvent(ImGuiKey key, bool down)
if (!AppAcceptingEvents)
AddKeyAnalogEvent(key, down, down ? 1.0f : 0.0f);
// [Optional] Call after AddKeyEvent().
// Specify native keycode, scancode + Specify index for legacy <1.87 IsKeyXXX() functions with native indices.
// If you are writing a backend in 2022 or don't use IsKeyXXX() with native values that are not ImGuiKey values, you can avoid calling this.
void ImGuiIO::SetKeyEventNativeData(ImGuiKey key, int native_keycode, int native_scancode, int native_legacy_index)
if (key == ImGuiKey_None)
IM_ASSERT(ImGui::IsNamedKey(key)); // >= 512
IM_ASSERT(native_legacy_index == -1 || ImGui::IsLegacyKey((ImGuiKey)native_legacy_index)); // >= 0 && <= 511
IM_UNUSED(native_keycode); // Yet unused
IM_UNUSED(native_scancode); // Yet unused
// Build native->imgui map so old user code can still call key functions with native 0..511 values.
const int legacy_key = (native_legacy_index != -1) ? native_legacy_index : native_keycode;
if (!ImGui::IsLegacyKey((ImGuiKey)legacy_key))
KeyMap[legacy_key] = key;
KeyMap[key] = legacy_key;
// Set master flag for accepting key/mouse/text events (default to true). Useful if you have native dialog boxes that are interrupting your application loop/refresh, and you want to disable events being queued while your app is frozen.
void ImGuiIO::SetAppAcceptingEvents(bool accepting_events)
AppAcceptingEvents = accepting_events;
// Queue a mouse move event
void ImGuiIO::AddMousePosEvent(float x, float y)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
if (!AppAcceptingEvents)
// Apply same flooring as UpdateMouseInputs()
ImVec2 pos((x > -FLT_MAX) ? ImFloorSigned(x) : x, (y > -FLT_MAX) ? ImFloorSigned(y) : y);
// Filter duplicate
const ImGuiInputEvent* latest_event = FindLatestInputEvent(ImGuiInputEventType_MousePos);
const ImVec2 latest_pos = latest_event ? ImVec2(latest_event->MousePos.PosX, latest_event->MousePos.PosY) : g.IO.MousePos;
if (latest_pos.x == pos.x && latest_pos.y == pos.y)
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_MousePos;
e.Source = ImGuiInputSource_Mouse;
e.MousePos.PosX = pos.x;
e.MousePos.PosY = pos.y;
void ImGuiIO::AddMouseButtonEvent(int mouse_button, bool down)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
IM_ASSERT(mouse_button >= 0 && mouse_button < ImGuiMouseButton_COUNT);
if (!AppAcceptingEvents)
// Filter duplicate
const ImGuiInputEvent* latest_event = FindLatestInputEvent(ImGuiInputEventType_MouseButton, (int)mouse_button);
const bool latest_button_down = latest_event ? latest_event->MouseButton.Down : g.IO.MouseDown[mouse_button];
if (latest_button_down == down)
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_MouseButton;
e.Source = ImGuiInputSource_Mouse;
e.MouseButton.Button = mouse_button;
e.MouseButton.Down = down;
// Queue a mouse wheel event (most mouse/API will only have a Y component)
void ImGuiIO::AddMouseWheelEvent(float wheel_x, float wheel_y)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
// Filter duplicate (unlike most events, wheel values are relative and easy to filter)
if (!AppAcceptingEvents || (wheel_x == 0.0f && wheel_y == 0.0f))
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_MouseWheel;
e.Source = ImGuiInputSource_Mouse;
e.MouseWheel.WheelX = wheel_x;
e.MouseWheel.WheelY = wheel_y;
void ImGuiIO::AddFocusEvent(bool focused)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
IM_ASSERT(&g.IO == this && "Can only add events to current context.");
// Filter duplicate
const ImGuiInputEvent* latest_event = FindLatestInputEvent(ImGuiInputEventType_Focus);
const bool latest_focused = latest_event ? latest_event->AppFocused.Focused : !g.IO.AppFocusLost;
if (latest_focused == focused)
ImGuiInputEvent e;
e.Type = ImGuiInputEventType_Focus;
e.AppFocused.Focused = focused;
// [SECTION] MISC HELPERS/UTILITIES (Geometry functions)
ImVec2 ImBezierCubicClosestPoint(const ImVec2& p1, const ImVec2& p2, const ImVec2& p3, const ImVec2& p4, const ImVec2& p, int num_segments)
IM_ASSERT(num_segments > 0); // Use ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljau()
ImVec2 p_last = p1;
ImVec2 p_closest;
float p_closest_dist2 = FLT_MAX;
float t_step = 1.0f / (float)num_segments;
for (int i_step = 1; i_step <= num_segments; i_step++)
ImVec2 p_current = ImBezierCubicCalc(p1, p2, p3, p4, t_step * i_step);
ImVec2 p_line = ImLineClosestPoint(p_last, p_current, p);
float dist2 = ImLengthSqr(p - p_line);
if (dist2 < p_closest_dist2)
p_closest = p_line;
p_closest_dist2 = dist2;
p_last = p_current;
return p_closest;
// Closely mimics PathBezierToCasteljau() in imgui_draw.cpp
static void ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljauStep(const ImVec2& p, ImVec2& p_closest, ImVec2& p_last, float& p_closest_dist2, float x1, float y1, float x2, float y2, float x3, float y3, float x4, float y4, float tess_tol, int level)
float dx = x4 - x1;
float dy = y4 - y1;
float d2 = ((x2 - x4) * dy - (y2 - y4) * dx);
float d3 = ((x3 - x4) * dy - (y3 - y4) * dx);
d2 = (d2 >= 0) ? d2 : -d2;
d3 = (d3 >= 0) ? d3 : -d3;
if ((d2 + d3) * (d2 + d3) < tess_tol * (dx * dx + dy * dy))
ImVec2 p_current(x4, y4);
ImVec2 p_line = ImLineClosestPoint(p_last, p_current, p);
float dist2 = ImLengthSqr(p - p_line);
if (dist2 < p_closest_dist2)
p_closest = p_line;
p_closest_dist2 = dist2;
p_last = p_current;
else if (level < 10)
float x12 = (x1 + x2)*0.5f, y12 = (y1 + y2)*0.5f;
float x23 = (x2 + x3)*0.5f, y23 = (y2 + y3)*0.5f;
float x34 = (x3 + x4)*0.5f, y34 = (y3 + y4)*0.5f;
float x123 = (x12 + x23)*0.5f, y123 = (y12 + y23)*0.5f;
float x234 = (x23 + x34)*0.5f, y234 = (y23 + y34)*0.5f;
float x1234 = (x123 + x234)*0.5f, y1234 = (y123 + y234)*0.5f;
ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljauStep(p, p_closest, p_last, p_closest_dist2, x1, y1, x12, y12, x123, y123, x1234, y1234, tess_tol, level + 1);
ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljauStep(p, p_closest, p_last, p_closest_dist2, x1234, y1234, x234, y234, x34, y34, x4, y4, tess_tol, level + 1);
// tess_tol is generally the same value you would find in ImGui::GetStyle().CurveTessellationTol
// Because those ImXXX functions are lower-level than ImGui:: we cannot access this value automatically.
ImVec2 ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljau(const ImVec2& p1, const ImVec2& p2, const ImVec2& p3, const ImVec2& p4, const ImVec2& p, float tess_tol)
IM_ASSERT(tess_tol > 0.0f);
ImVec2 p_last = p1;
ImVec2 p_closest;
float p_closest_dist2 = FLT_MAX;
ImBezierCubicClosestPointCasteljauStep(p, p_closest, p_last, p_closest_dist2, p1.x, p1.y, p2.x, p2.y, p3.x, p3.y, p4.x, p4.y, tess_tol, 0);
return p_closest;
ImVec2 ImLineClosestPoint(const ImVec2& a, const ImVec2& b, const ImVec2& p)
ImVec2 ap = p - a;
ImVec2 ab_dir = b - a;
float dot = ap.x * ab_dir.x + ap.y * ab_dir.y;
if (dot < 0.0f)
return a;
float ab_len_sqr = ab_dir.x * ab_dir.x + ab_dir.y * ab_dir.y;
if (dot > ab_len_sqr)
return b;
return a + ab_dir * dot / ab_len_sqr;
bool ImTriangleContainsPoint(const ImVec2& a, const ImVec2& b, const ImVec2& c, const ImVec2& p)
bool b1 = ((p.x - b.x) * (a.y - b.y) - (p.y - b.y) * (a.x - b.x)) < 0.0f;
bool b2 = ((p.x - c.x) * (b.y - c.y) - (p.y - c.y) * (b.x - c.x)) < 0.0f;
bool b3 = ((p.x - a.x) * (c.y - a.y) - (p.y - a.y) * (c.x - a.x)) < 0.0f;
return ((b1 == b2) && (b2 == b3));
void ImTriangleBarycentricCoords(const ImVec2& a, const ImVec2& b, const ImVec2& c, const ImVec2& p, float& out_u, float& out_v, float& out_w)
ImVec2 v0 = b - a;
ImVec2 v1 = c - a;
ImVec2 v2 = p - a;
const float denom = v0.x * v1.y - v1.x * v0.y;
out_v = (v2.x * v1.y - v1.x * v2.y) / denom;
out_w = (v0.x * v2.y - v2.x * v0.y) / denom;
out_u = 1.0f - out_v - out_w;
ImVec2 ImTriangleClosestPoint(const ImVec2& a, const ImVec2& b, const ImVec2& c, const ImVec2& p)
ImVec2 proj_ab = ImLineClosestPoint(a, b, p);
ImVec2 proj_bc = ImLineClosestPoint(b, c, p);
ImVec2 proj_ca = ImLineClosestPoint(c, a, p);
float dist2_ab = ImLengthSqr(p - proj_ab);
float dist2_bc = ImLengthSqr(p - proj_bc);
float dist2_ca = ImLengthSqr(p - proj_ca);
float m = ImMin(dist2_ab, ImMin(dist2_bc, dist2_ca));
if (m == dist2_ab)
return proj_ab;
if (m == dist2_bc)
return proj_bc;
return proj_ca;
// [SECTION] MISC HELPERS/UTILITIES (String, Format, Hash functions)
// Consider using _stricmp/_strnicmp under Windows or strcasecmp/strncasecmp. We don't actually use either ImStricmp/ImStrnicmp in the codebase any more.
int ImStricmp(const char* str1, const char* str2)
int d;
while ((d = ImToUpper(*str2) - ImToUpper(*str1)) == 0 && *str1) { str1++; str2++; }
return d;
int ImStrnicmp(const char* str1, const char* str2, size_t count)
int d = 0;
while (count > 0 && (d = ImToUpper(*str2) - ImToUpper(*str1)) == 0 && *str1) { str1++; str2++; count--; }
return d;
void ImStrncpy(char* dst, const char* src, size_t count)
if (count < 1)
if (count > 1)
strncpy(dst, src, count - 1);
dst[count - 1] = 0;
char* ImStrdup(const char* str)
size_t len = strlen(str);
void* buf = IM_ALLOC(len + 1);
return (char*)memcpy(buf, (const void*)str, len + 1);
char* ImStrdupcpy(char* dst, size_t* p_dst_size, const char* src)
size_t dst_buf_size = p_dst_size ? *p_dst_size : strlen(dst) + 1;
size_t src_size = strlen(src) + 1;
if (dst_buf_size < src_size)
dst = (char*)IM_ALLOC(src_size);
if (p_dst_size)
*p_dst_size = src_size;
return (char*)memcpy(dst, (const void*)src, src_size);
const char* ImStrchrRange(const char* str, const char* str_end, char c)
const char* p = (const char*)memchr(str, (int)c, str_end - str);
return p;
int ImStrlenW(const ImWchar* str)
//return (int)wcslen((const wchar_t*)str); // FIXME-OPT: Could use this when wchar_t are 16-bit
int n = 0;
while (*str++) n++;
return n;
// Find end-of-line. Return pointer will point to either first \n, either str_end.
const char* ImStreolRange(const char* str, const char* str_end)
const char* p = (const char*)memchr(str, '\n', str_end - str);
return p ? p : str_end;
const ImWchar* ImStrbolW(const ImWchar* buf_mid_line, const ImWchar* buf_begin) // find beginning-of-line
while (buf_mid_line > buf_begin && buf_mid_line[-1] != '\n')
return buf_mid_line;
const char* ImStristr(const char* haystack, const char* haystack_end, const char* needle, const char* needle_end)
if (!needle_end)
needle_end = needle + strlen(needle);
const char un0 = (char)ImToUpper(*needle);
while ((!haystack_end && *haystack) || (haystack_end && haystack < haystack_end))
if (ImToUpper(*haystack) == un0)
const char* b = needle + 1;
for (const char* a = haystack + 1; b < needle_end; a++, b++)
if (ImToUpper(*a) != ImToUpper(*b))
if (b == needle_end)
return haystack;
return NULL;
// Trim str by offsetting contents when there's leading data + writing a \0 at the trailing position. We use this in situation where the cost is negligible.
void ImStrTrimBlanks(char* buf)
char* p = buf;
while (p[0] == ' ' || p[0] == '\t') // Leading blanks
char* p_start = p;
while (*p != 0) // Find end of string
while (p > p_start && (p[-1] == ' ' || p[-1] == '\t')) // Trailing blanks
if (p_start != buf) // Copy memory if we had leading blanks
memmove(buf, p_start, p - p_start);
buf[p - p_start] = 0; // Zero terminate
const char* ImStrSkipBlank(const char* str)
while (str[0] == ' ' || str[0] == '\t')
return str;
// A) MSVC version appears to return -1 on overflow, whereas glibc appears to return total count (which may be >= buf_size).
// Ideally we would test for only one of those limits at runtime depending on the behavior the vsnprintf(), but trying to deduct it at compile time sounds like a pandora can of worm.
// B) When buf==NULL vsnprintf() will return the output size.
// We support stb_sprintf which is much faster (see:
// You may set IMGUI_USE_STB_SPRINTF to use our default wrapper, or set IMGUI_DISABLE_DEFAULT_FORMAT_FUNCTIONS
// and setup the wrapper yourself. (FIXME-OPT: Some of our high-level operations such as ImGuiTextBuffer::appendfv() are
// designed using two-passes worst case, which probably could be improved using the stbsp_vsprintfcb() function.)
#include "stb_sprintf.h"
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(vsnprintf)
#define vsnprintf _vsnprintf
int ImFormatString(char* buf, size_t buf_size, const char* fmt, ...)
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
int w = stbsp_vsnprintf(buf, (int)buf_size, fmt, args);
int w = vsnprintf(buf, buf_size, fmt, args);
if (buf == NULL)
return w;
if (w == -1 || w >= (int)buf_size)
w = (int)buf_size - 1;
buf[w] = 0;
return w;
int ImFormatStringV(char* buf, size_t buf_size, const char* fmt, va_list args)
int w = stbsp_vsnprintf(buf, (int)buf_size, fmt, args);
int w = vsnprintf(buf, buf_size, fmt, args);
if (buf == NULL)
return w;
if (w == -1 || w >= (int)buf_size)
w = (int)buf_size - 1;
buf[w] = 0;
return w;
void ImFormatStringToTempBuffer(const char** out_buf, const char** out_buf_end, const char* fmt, ...)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
int buf_len = ImFormatStringV(g.TempBuffer.Data, g.TempBuffer.Size, fmt, args);
*out_buf = g.TempBuffer.Data;
if (out_buf_end) { *out_buf_end = g.TempBuffer.Data + buf_len; }
void ImFormatStringToTempBufferV(const char** out_buf, const char** out_buf_end, const char* fmt, va_list args)
ImGuiContext& g = *GImGui;
int buf_len = ImFormatStringV(g.TempBuffer.Data, g.TempBuffer.Size, fmt, args);
*out_buf = g.TempBuffer.Data;
if (out_buf_end) { *out_buf_end = g.TempBuffer.Data + buf_len; }
// CRC32 needs a 1KB lookup table (not cache friendly)
// Although the code to generate the table is simple and shorter than the table itself, using a const table allows us to easily:
// - avoid an unnecessary branch/memory tap, - keep the ImHashXXX functions usable by static constructors, - make it thread-safe.
static const ImU32 GCrc32LookupTable[256] =
// Known size hash
// It is ok to call ImHashData on a string with known length but the ### operator won't be supported.
// FIXME-OPT: Replace with e.g. FNV1a hash? CRC32 pretty much randomly access 1KB. Need to do proper measurements.
ImGuiID ImHashData(const void* data_p, size_t data_size, ImU32 seed)
ImU32 crc = ~seed;
const unsigned char* data = (const unsigned char*)data_p;
const ImU32* crc32_lut = GCrc32LookupTable;
while (data_size-- != 0)
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crc32_lut[(crc & 0xFF) ^ *data++];
return ~crc;
// Zero-terminated string hash, with support for ### to reset back to seed value
// We support a syntax of "label###id" where only "###id" is included in the hash, and only "label" gets displayed.
// Because this syntax is rarely used we are optimizing for the common case.
// - If we reach ### in the string we discard the hash so far and reset to the seed.
// - We don't do 'current += 2; continue;' after handling ### to keep the code smaller/faster (measured ~10% diff in Debug build)
// FIXME-OPT: Replace with e.g. FNV1a hash? CRC32 pretty much randomly access 1KB. Need to do proper measurements.
ImGuiID ImHashStr(const char* data_p, size_t data_size, ImU32 seed)
seed = ~seed;
ImU32 crc = seed;
const unsigned char* data = (const unsigned char*)data_p;
const ImU32* crc32_lut = GCrc32LookupTable;
if (data_size != 0)
while (data_size-- != 0)
unsigned char c = *data++;
if (c == '#' && data_size >= 2 && data[0] == '#' && data[1] == '#')
crc = seed;
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crc32_lut[(crc & 0xFF) ^ c];
while (unsigned char c = *data++)
if (c == '#' && data[0] == '#' && data[1] == '#')
crc = seed;
crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crc32_lut[(crc & 0xFF) ^ c];
return ~crc;
// Default file functions
ImFileHandle ImFileOpen(const char* filename, const char* mode)
#if defined(_WIN32) && !defined(IMGUI_DISABLE_WIN32_FUNCTIONS) && !defined(__CYGWIN__) && !defined(__GNUC__)
// We need a fopen() wrapper because MSVC/Windows fopen doesn't handle UTF-8 filenames.
// Previously we used ImTextCountCharsFromUtf8/ImTextStrFromUtf8 here but we now need to support ImWchar16 and ImWchar32!
const int filename_wsize = ::MultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, filename, -1, NULL, 0);
const int mode_wsize = ::MultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, mode, -1, NULL, 0);
ImVector<ImWchar> buf;
buf.resize(filename_wsize + mode_wsize);
::MultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, filename, -1, (wchar_t*)&buf[0], filename_wsize);
::MultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, mode, -1, (wchar_t*)&buf[filename_wsize], mode_wsize);
return ::_wfopen((const wchar_t*)&buf[0], (const wchar_t*)&buf[filename_wsize]);
return fopen(filename, mode);
// We should in theory be using fseeko()/ftello() with off_t and _fseeki64()/_ftelli64() with __int64, waiting for the PR that does that in a very portable pre-C++11 zero-warnings way.
bool ImFileClose(ImFileHandle f) { return fclose(f) == 0; }
ImU64 ImFileGetSize(ImFileHandle f) { long off = 0, sz = 0; return ((off = ftell(f)) != -1 && !fseek(f, 0, SEEK_END) && (sz = ftell(f)) != -1 && !fseek(f, off, SEEK_SET)) ? (ImU64)sz : (ImU64)-1; }
ImU64 ImFileRead(void* data, ImU64 sz, ImU64 count, ImFileHandle f) { return fread(data, (size_t)sz, (size_t)count, f); }
ImU64 ImFileWrite(const void* data, ImU64 sz, ImU64 count, ImFileHandle f) { return fwrite(data, (size_t)sz, (size_t)count, f); }
// Helper: Load file content into memory
// Memory allocated with IM_ALLOC(), must be freed by user using IM_FREE() == ImGui::MemFree()
// This can't really be used with "rt" because fseek size won't match read size.
void* ImFileLoadToMemory(const char* filename, const char* mode, size_t* out_file_size, int padding_bytes)
IM_ASSERT(filename && mode);
if (out_file_size)
*out_file_size = 0;
ImFileHandle f;
if ((f = ImFileOpen(filename, mode)) == NULL)
return NULL;
size_t file_size = (size_t)ImFileGetSize(f);
if (file_size == (size_t)-1)
return NULL;
void* file_data = IM_ALLOC(file_size + padding_bytes);
if (file_data == NULL)
return NULL;
if (ImFileRead(file_data, 1, file_size, f) != file_size)
return NULL;
if (padding_bytes > 0)
memset((void*)(((char*)file_data) + file_size), 0, (size_t)padding_bytes);
if (out_file_size)
*out_file_size = file_size;
return file_data;
// Convert UTF-8 to 32-bit character, process single character input.
// A nearly-branchless UTF-8 decoder, based on work of Christopher Wellons (
// We handle UTF-8 decoding error by skipping forward.
int ImTextCharFromUtf8(unsigned int* out_char, const char* in_text, const char* in_text_end)
static const char lengths[32] = { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 0 };
static const int masks[] = { 0x00, 0x7f, 0x1f, 0x0f, 0x07 };
static const uint32_t mins[] = { 0x400000, 0, 0x80, 0x800, 0x10000 };
static const int shiftc[] = { 0, 18, 12, 6, 0 };
static const int shifte[] = { 0, 6, 4, 2, 0 };
int len = lengths[*(const unsigned char*)in_text >> 3];
int wanted = len + !len;
if (in_text_end == NULL)
in_text_end = in_text + wanted; // Max length, nulls will be taken into account.
// Copy at most 'len' bytes, stop copying at 0 or past in_text_end. Branch predictor does a good job here,
// so it is fast even with excessive branching.
unsigned char s[4];
s[0] = in_text + 0 < in_text_end ? in_text[0] : 0;
s[1] = in_text + 1 < in_text_end ? in_text[1] : 0;
s[2] = in_text + 2 < in_text_end ? in_text[2] : 0;
s[3] = in_text + 3 < in_text_end ? in_text[3] : 0;
// Assume a four-byte character and load four bytes. Unused bits are shifted out.
*out_char = (uint32_t)(s[0] & masks[len]) << 18;
*out_char |= (uint32_t)(s[1] & 0x3f) << 12;
*out_char |= (uint32_t)(s[2] & 0x3f) << 6;
*out_char |= (uint32_t)(s[3] & 0x3f) << 0;
*out_char >>= shiftc[len];
// Accumulate the various error conditions.
int e = 0;
e = (*out_char < mins[len]) << 6; // non-canonical encoding
e |= ((*out_char >> 11) == 0x1b) << 7; // surrogate half?
e |= (*out_char > IM_UNICODE_CODEPOINT_MAX) << 8; // out of range?
e |= (s[1] & 0xc0) >> 2;
e |= (s[2] & 0xc0) >> 4;
e |= (s[3] ) >> 6;
e ^= 0x2a; // top two bits of each tail byte correct?
e >>= shifte[len];
if (e)
// No bytes are consumed when *in_text == 0 || in_text == in_text_end.
// One byte is consumed in case of invalid first byte of in_text.
// All available bytes (at most `len` bytes) are consumed on incomplete/invalid second to last bytes.
// Invalid or incomplete input may consume less bytes than wanted, therefore every byte has to be inspected in s.
wanted = ImMin(wanted, !!s[0] + !!s[1] + !!s[2] + !!s[3]);
return wanted;
int ImTextStrFromUtf8(ImWchar* buf, int buf_size, const char* in_text, const char* in_text_end, const char** in_text_remaining)
ImWchar* buf_out = buf;
ImWchar* buf_end = buf + buf_size;
while (buf_out < buf_end - 1 && (!in_text_end || in_text < in_text_end) && *in_text)
unsigned int c;
in_text += ImTextCharFromUtf8(&c, in_text, in_text_end);
if (c == 0)
*buf_out++ = (ImWchar)c;
*buf_out = 0;
if (in_text_remaining)
*in_text_remaining = in_text;
return (int)(buf_out - buf);
int ImTextCountCharsFromUtf8(const char* in_text, const char* in_text_end)
int char_count = 0;
while ((!in_text_end || in_text < in_text_end) && *in_text)
unsigned int c;
in_text += ImTextCharFromUtf8(&c, in_text, in_text_end);
if (c == 0)
return char_count;
// Based on stb_to_utf8() from
static inline int ImTextCharToUtf8_inline(char* buf, int buf_size, unsigned int c)
if (c < 0x80)
buf[0] = (char)c;
return 1;
if (c < 0x800)
if (buf_size < 2) return 0;
buf[0] = (char)(0xc0 + (c >> 6));
buf[1] = (char)(0x80 + (c & 0x3f));
return 2;
if (c < 0x10000)
if (buf_size < 3) return 0;
buf[0] = (char)(0xe0 + (c >> 12));
buf[1] = (char)(0x80 + ((c >> 6) & 0x3f));
buf[2] = (char)(0x80 + ((c ) & 0x3f));
return 3;
if (c <= 0x10FFFF)
if (buf_size < 4) return 0;
buf[0] = (char)(0xf0 + (c >> 18));
buf[1] = (char)(0x80 + ((c >> 12) & 0x3f));
buf[2] = (char)(0x80 + ((c >> 6) & 0x3f));
buf[3] = (char)(0x80 + ((c ) & 0x3f));
return 4;
// Invalid code point, the max unicode is 0x10FFFF
return 0;
const char* ImTextCharToUtf8(char out_buf[5], unsigned int c)
int count = ImTextCharToUtf8_inline(out_buf, 5, c);
out_buf[count] = 0;
return out_buf;
// Not optimal but we very rarely use this function.
int ImTextCountUtf8BytesFromChar(const char* in_text, const char* in_text_end)
unsigned int unused = 0;
return ImTextCharFromUtf8(&unused, in_text, in_text_end);
static inline int ImTextCountUtf8BytesFromChar(unsigned int c)
if (c < 0x80) return 1;
if (c < 0x800) return 2;
if (c < 0x10000) return 3;
if (c <= 0x10FFFF) return 4;
return 3;
int ImTextStrToUtf8(char* out_buf, int out_buf_size, const ImWchar* in_text, const ImWchar* in_text_end)
char* buf_p = out_buf;
const char* buf_end = out_buf + out_buf_size;
while (buf_p < buf_end - 1 && (!in_text_end || in_text < in_text_end) && *in_text)
unsigned int c = (unsigned int)(*in_text++);
if (c < 0x80)
*buf_p++ = (char)c;
buf_p += ImTextCharToUtf8_inline(buf_p, (int)(buf_end - buf_p - 1), c);
*buf_p = 0;
return (int)(buf_p - out_buf);
int ImTextCountUtf8BytesFromStr(const ImWchar* in_text, const ImWchar* in_text_end)
int bytes_count = 0;
while ((!in_text_end || in_text < in_text_end) && *in_text)
unsigned int c = (unsigned int)(*in_text++);
if (c < 0x80)
bytes_count += ImTextCountUtf8BytesFromChar(c);
return bytes_count;
// Note: The Convert functions are early design which are not consistent with other API.
IMGUI_API ImU32 ImAlphaBlendColors(ImU32 col_a, ImU32 col_b)
float t = ((col_b >> IM_COL32_A_SHIFT) & 0xFF) / 255.f;
int r = ImLerp((int)(col_a >> IM_COL32_R_SHIFT) & 0xFF, (int)(col_b >> IM_COL32_R_SHIFT) & 0xFF, t);
int g = ImLerp((int)(col_a >> IM_COL32_G_SHIFT) & 0xFF, (int)(col_b >> IM_COL32_G_SHIFT) & 0xFF, t);
int b = ImLerp((int)(col_a >> IM_COL32_B_SHIFT) & 0xFF, (int)(col_b >> IM_COL32_B_SHIFT) & 0xFF, t);
return IM_COL32(r, g, b, 0xFF);
ImVec4 ImGui::ColorConvertU32ToFloat4(ImU32 in)
float s = 1.0f / 255.0f;
return ImVec4(
((in >> IM_COL32_R_SHIFT) & 0xFF) * s,
((in >> IM_COL32_G_SHIFT) & 0xFF) * s,
((in >> IM_COL32_B_SHIFT) & 0xFF) * s,
((in >> IM_COL32_A_SHIFT) & 0xFF) * s);
ImU32 ImGui::ColorConvertFloat4ToU32(const ImVec4& in)
ImU32 out;
out = ((ImU32)IM_F32_TO_INT8_SAT(in.x)) << IM_COL32_R_SHIFT;
out |= ((ImU32)IM_F32_TO_INT8_SAT(in.y)) << IM_COL32_G_SHIFT;
out |= ((ImU32)IM_F32_TO_INT8_SAT(in.z)) << IM_COL32_B_SHIFT;
out |= ((ImU32)IM_F32_TO_INT8_SAT(in.w)) << IM_COL32_A_SHIFT;
return out;
// Convert rgb floats ([0-1],[0-1],[0-1]) to hsv floats ([0-1],[0-1],[0-1]), from Foley & van Dam p592
// Optimized
void ImGui::ColorConvertRGBtoHSV(float r, float g, float b, float& out_h, float& out_s, float& out_v)
float K = 0.f;
if (g < b)
ImSwap(g, b);
K = -1.f;
if (r < g)
ImSwap(r, g);
K = -2.f / 6.f - K;
const float chroma = r - (g < b ? g : b);
out_h = ImFabs(K + (g - b) / (6.f * chroma + 1e-20f));
out_s = chroma / (r + 1e-20f);
out_v = r;
// Convert hsv floats ([0-1],[0-1],[0-1]) to rgb floats ([0-1],[0-1],[0-1]), from Foley & van Dam p593
// also
void ImGui::ColorConvertHSVtoRGB(float h, float s, float v, float& out_r, float& out_g, float& out_b)
if (s == 0.0f)
// gray
out_r = out_g = out_b = v;
h = ImFmod(h, 1.0f) / (60.0f / 360.0f);
int i = (int)h;
float f = h - (float)i;
float p = v * (1.0f - s);
float q = v * (1.0f - s * f);
float t = v * (1.0f - s * (1.0f - f));
switch (i)
case 0: out_r = v; out_g = t; out_b = p; break;
case 1: out_r = q; out_g = v; out_b = p; break;
case 2: out_r = p; out_g = v; out_b = t; break;
case 3: out_r = p; out_g = q; out_b = v; break;
case 4: out_r = t; out_g = p; out_b = v; break;
case 5: default: out_r = v; out_g = p; out_b = q; break;
// [SECTION] ImGuiStorage
// Helper: Key->value storage
// std::lower_bound but without the bullshit
static ImGuiStorage::ImGuiStoragePair* LowerBound(ImVector<ImGuiStorage::ImGuiStoragePair>& data, ImGuiID key)
ImGuiStorage::ImGuiStoragePair* first = data.Data;
ImGuiStorage::ImGuiStoragePair* last = data.Data + data.Size;
size_t count = (size_t)(last - first);
while (count > 0)
size_t count2 = count >> 1;
ImGuiStorage::ImGuiStoragePair* mid = first + count2;
if (mid->key < key)
first = ++mid;
count -= count2 + 1;
count = count2;
return first;
// For quicker full rebuild of a storage (instead of an incremental one), you may add all your contents and then sort once.
void ImGuiStorage::BuildSortByKey()
struct StaticFunc
static int IMGUI_CDECL PairComparerByID(const void* lhs, const void* rhs)
// We can't just do a subtraction because qsort uses signed integers and subtracting our ID doesn't play well with that.
if (((const ImGuiStoragePair*)lhs)->key > ((const ImGuiStoragePair*)rhs)->key) return +1;
if (((const ImGuiStoragePair*)lhs)->key < ((const ImGuiStoragePair*)rhs)->key) return -1;
return 0;
ImQsort(Data.Data, (size_t)Data.Size, sizeof(ImGuiStoragePair), StaticFunc::PairComparerByID);
int ImGuiStorage::GetInt(ImGuiID key, int default_val) const
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(const_cast<ImVector<ImGuiStoragePair>&>(Data), key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
return default_val;
return it->val_i;
bool ImGuiStorage::GetBool(ImGuiID key, bool default_val) const
return GetInt(key, default_val ? 1 : 0) != 0;
float ImGuiStorage::GetFloat(ImGuiID key, float default_val) const
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(const_cast<ImVector<ImGuiStoragePair>&>(Data), key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
return default_val;
return it->val_f;
void* ImGuiStorage::GetVoidPtr(ImGuiID key) const
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(const_cast<ImVector<ImGuiStoragePair>&>(Data), key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
return NULL;
return it->val_p;
// References are only valid until a new value is added to the storage. Calling a Set***() function or a Get***Ref() function invalidates the pointer.
int* ImGuiStorage::GetIntRef(ImGuiID key, int default_val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
it = Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, default_val));
return &it->val_i;
bool* ImGuiStorage::GetBoolRef(ImGuiID key, bool default_val)
return (bool*)GetIntRef(key, default_val ? 1 : 0);
float* ImGuiStorage::GetFloatRef(ImGuiID key, float default_val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
it = Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, default_val));
return &it->val_f;
void** ImGuiStorage::GetVoidPtrRef(ImGuiID key, void* default_val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
it = Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, default_val));
return &it->val_p;
// FIXME-OPT: Need a way to reuse the result of lower_bound when doing GetInt()/SetInt() - not too bad because it only happens on explicit interaction (maximum one a frame)
void ImGuiStorage::SetInt(ImGuiID key, int val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, val));
it->val_i = val;
void ImGuiStorage::SetBool(ImGuiID key, bool val)
SetInt(key, val ? 1 : 0);
void ImGuiStorage::SetFloat(ImGuiID key, float val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, val));
it->val_f = val;
void ImGuiStorage::SetVoidPtr(ImGuiID key, void* val)
ImGuiStoragePair* it = LowerBound(Data, key);
if (it == Data.end() || it->key != key)
Data.insert(it, ImGuiStoragePair(key, val));
it->val_p = val;
void ImGuiStorage::SetAllInt(int v)
for (int i = 0; i < Data.Size; i++)
Data[i].val_i = v;
// [SECTION] ImGuiTextFilter
// Helper: Parse and apply text filters. In format "aaaaa[,bbbb][,ccccc]"
ImGuiTextFilter::ImGuiTextFilter(const char* default_filter) //-V1077
InputBuf[0] = 0;
CountGrep = 0;
if (default_filter)
ImStrncpy(InputBuf, default_filter, IM_ARRAYSIZE(InputBuf));
bool ImGuiTextFilter::Draw(const char* label, float width)
if (width != 0.0f)
bool value_changed = ImGui::InputText(label, InputBuf, IM_ARRAYSIZE(InputBuf));
if (value_changed)
return value_changed;
void ImGuiTextFilter::ImGuiTextRange::split(char separator, ImVector<ImGuiTextRange>* out) const
const char* wb = b;
const char* we = wb;
while (we < e)
if (*we == separator)
out->push_back(ImGuiTextRange(wb, we));
wb = we + 1;
if (wb != we)
out->push_back(ImGuiTextRange(wb, we));
void ImGuiTextFilter::Build()
ImGuiTextRange input_range(InputBuf, InputBuf + strlen(InputBuf));
input_range.split(',', &Filters);
CountGrep = 0;
for (int i = 0; i != Filters.Size; i++)
ImGuiTextRange& f = Filters[i];
while (f.b < f.e && ImCharIsBlankA(f.b[0]))
while (f.e > f.b && ImCharIsBlankA(f.e[-1]))
if (f.empty())
if (Filters[i].b[0] != '-')
CountGrep += 1;
bool ImGuiTextFilter::PassFilter(const char* text, const char* text_end) const
if (Filters.empty())
return true;
if (text == NULL)
text = "";
for (int i = 0; i != Filters.Size; i++)
const ImGuiTextRange& f = Filters[i];
if (f.empty())
if (f.b[0] == '-')
// Subtract
if (ImStristr(text, text_end, f.b + 1, f.e) != NULL)
return false;
// Grep
if (ImStristr(text, text_end, f.b, f.e) != NULL)
return true;
// Implicit * grep
if (CountGrep == 0)
return true;
return false;
// [SECTION] ImGuiTextBuffer, ImGuiTextIndex
// On some platform vsnprintf() takes va_list by reference and modifies it.
// va_copy is the 'correct' way to copy a va_list but Visual Studio prior to 2013 doesn't have it.
#ifndef va_copy
#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
#define va_copy(dest, src) __builtin_va_copy(dest, src)
#define va_copy(dest, src) (dest = src)
char ImGuiTextBuffer::EmptyString[1] = { 0 };
void ImGuiTextBuffer::append(const char* str, const char* str_end)
int len = str_end ? (int)(str_end - str) : (int)strlen(str);
// Add zero-terminator the first time
const int write_off = (Buf.Size != 0) ? Buf.Size : 1;
const int needed_sz = write_off + len;
if (write_off + len >= Buf.Capacity)
int new_capacity = Buf.Capacity * 2;
Buf.reserve(needed_sz > new_capacity ? needed_sz : new_capacity);
memcpy(&Buf[write_off - 1], str, (size_t)len);
Buf[write_off - 1 + len] = 0;
void ImGuiTextBuffer::appendf(const char* fmt, ...)
va_list args;
va_start(args, fmt);
appendfv(fmt, args);
// Helper: Text buffer for logging/accumulating text
void ImGuiTextBuffer::appendfv(const char* fmt, va_list args)
va_list args_copy;
va_copy(args_copy, args);
int len = ImFormatStringV(NULL, 0, fmt, args); // FIXME-OPT: could do a first pass write attempt, likely successful on first pass.
if (len <= 0)
// Add zero-terminator the first time
const int write_off = (Buf.Size != 0) ? Buf.Size : 1;
const int needed_sz = write_off + len;
if (write_off + len >= Buf.Capacity)
int new_capacity = Buf.Capacity * 2;
Buf.reserve(needed_sz > new_capacity ? needed_sz : new_capacity);